alexa Application of Techniques Derived from the Study of Soil Organic Matter to Characterize the Organic Matter during the Composting of Various Materials-A Review | Abstract

Review Article

Application of Techniques Derived from the Study of Soil Organic Matter to Characterize the Organic Matter during the Composting of Various Materials-A Review

Kalakodio L*, Alepu OE and Zewde AA

University of Science and Technology Beijing, School of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory of Resource-Oriented Treatment of Industrial Pollutants, Xueyuan 30, Beijing 100083, PR China

Corresponding Author:
Loissi Kalakodio
University of Science and Technology Beijing
School of Energy and Environmental Engineering
Beijing Key Laboratory of Resource-Oriented Treatment of Industrial Pollutants
Xueyuan 30, Beijing 100083, PR China
Tel: 008615101595359
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 13, 2017; Accepted Date: May 09, 2017; Published Date: May 16, 2017

Citation: Kalakodio L, Alepu OE, Zewde AA (2017) Application of Techniques Derived from the Study of Soil Organic Matter to Characterize the Organic Matter during the Composting of Various Materials-A Review. J Pollut Eff Cont 5:184. doi: 10.4176/2375-4397.1000184

Copyright: © 2017 Kalakodio L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Organic compounds likely to be present in composts organic waste in municipal waste can be subdivided into five main classes: plant waste, kitchen waste of vegetable or animal origin, paper and cardboard, plastics, undesirable high in carbon and sludge from water treatment. A large variety of organic compounds constitute this initial waste in varying proportions. This review highlights the evolution of the characteristics of organic matter during the compositing of different materials obtained from techniques derived from the study of soil organic matter. Biochemical fractionation of organic matter and spectral analysis revealed the significant degradation of cellulose and hemicellulose throughout composting. On the other hand, the slow degradation of lignin which is more resistant to biodegradation leads to its concentration in the organic matter. Since soluble compounds (mainly simple sugars and proteins) may be of microbial origin, they are present in composting. During composting, the characteristics of organic matter become increasingly independent from the origin of the waste.

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