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ISSN: 2167-7182

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research
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Research Article

Approaches to Cognitive Stimulation in the Prevention of Dementia

Nils Georg Niederstrasser1*, Eef Hogervorst1, Eleftheria Giannouli2 and Stephan Bandelow1

1School of Sports, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, UK

2Institute of Movement and Sports Gerontology, German Sports University Cologne, Germany

Corresponding Author:
Nils Georg Niederstrasser
School of Sports, Exercise and Health Sciences
Loughborough University, Ashby Road
Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK
Tel: 4401509226302
Fax: 4401509226301
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 07, 2016; Accepted date: June 29, 2016; Published date: July 03, 2016

Citation: Niederstrasser NG, Hogervorst E, Giannouli E, Bandelow S (2016) Approaches to Cognitive Stimulation in the Prevention of Dementia. J Gerontol Geriatr Res S5:005. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.S5-005

Copyright: © 2016 Niederstrasser NG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

The prevalence of dementia and age-related cognitive impairment is rising due to an aging population worldwide. There is currently no effective pharmacological treatment, but cognitive activity programs could contribute to prevention and risk reduction. However, the results of intervention studies are inconclusive, which may be related to methodological issues. For example, the inconsistent use of umbrella categories to describe cognitive intervention strategies, such as cognitive training or cognitive rehabilitation, has led to confusion regarding their respective contents and efficacies. The interventions studied so far draw on a pool of common basic ingredients. Therefore, rather than focusing on a few high-level categories, it might be beneficial to examine the efficacy of more basic cognitive intervention ingredients, which form the building blocks of complex multi-strand cognitive intervention strategies. Here we suggested a novel format of collating basic cognitive intervention ingredients. Using a representative sample of review articles and treatment studies, we attempted to inventory the most commonly encountered ingredients. Finally, we discuss their suitability for individualized and group-based approaches, as well as the possibility for computerization.

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