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ISSN: 2155-9880

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
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Research Article

Are there Differences between Adolescent Males and Females for Maintaining the Metabolic Cost at Maximal Oxygen Uptake?

Moran S Saghiv1*, Chris Sherve1, David Ben Sira2, Michael Saghiv2 and Ehud Goldhammer3

1Exercise Physiology Department, University of Mary, North Dakota, USA

2Heart Institute Bnai-Zion Haifa Medical Center, Technion, Haifa, Israel

3Life Sciences Department, Wingate College, Netanya, Israel

*Corresponding Author:
Moran S Saghiv
Associate Professor, Exercise Physiology Department
Casey Center, Room 141B, University of Mary
7500 University Drive, Bismarck, ND 58504, USA
Tel: 702-908-2390, 701-355-8103
Fax: 701-255-7687
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: March 31, 2017; Accepted Date: May 15, 2017; Published Date: May 20, 2017

Citation: Saghiv MS, Sherve C, Sira DB, Saghiv M, Goldhammer E (2017) Are there Differences between Adolescent Males and Females for Maintaining the Metabolic Cost at Maximal Oxygen Uptake? J Clin Exp Cardiolog 8:519. doi: 10.4172/2155-9880.1000519

Copyright: © 2017 Saghiv MS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Purpose: The present study looked at gender difference in oxygen delivery-extraction at maximal oxygen uptake in healthy adolescents.

Methods: 36 adolescent males (14.9 ± 1.1 years) and 33 adolescent females (15.0 ± 1.1 years) underwent a maximal oxygen uptake test and a two dimensional direct m-mode echocardiography performed on a bicycle ergometry. Arteriovenous oxygen difference was defined by utilizing the Fick equation.

Results: At rest, males compared to females had significantly (p<0.05) higher oxygen extraction (38.8 ± 1.4 and 31.8 ± 1.2 mL.kg-1 .min-1 respectively), systolic blood pressure, and mean arterial blood pressure. At peak exercise test, males compared to females demonstrated significant (P<0.05) higher values for cardiac output (16.6 ± 0.7 and 15.4 ± 0.6 L∙min-1 respectively), stroke volume (83.9 ± 5.1 and 78.5 ± 4.6 mL respectively), oxygen uptake (47.3 ± 3.7 and 39.6 ± 1.1 mL∙kg-1∙min-1, respectivel y), while oxygen extraction was significantly higher in females compared to males (123.6 ± 7.6 and 115.5 ± 5.4 mL∙L-1 respectively).

Conclusions: This study suggests that normal adolescents; male and females respond to the maximal oxygen uptake test by increased their left ventricular systolic function, however, it was less augmented in the females due to gender and energy metabolism differences. Consequently, females increased their oxygen extraction more than the males as a compensation for the lower cardiac output and hence, lower oxygen delivery.

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