Arsenic Occurrence, Ecotoxicity and its Potential Remediation
- Corresponding Author:
- Fengxiang Han
Environmental Science Program
Jackson State University and Department of Chemistry
and Biochemistry, 1400 JR Lynch Street
Jackson State University, MS, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: May 30, 2016; Accepted date: June 01, 2016; Published date: June 05, 2016
Citation: Alexander TC, Gulledge E, Han F (2016) Arsenic Occurrence, Ecotoxicity and its Potential Remediation. J Bioremed Biodeg 7:e174. doi:10.4172/2155-6199.1000e174
Copyright: © 2016 Alexander TC, et al. This is an open-a ccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Arsenic levels in water, sediments, and biota of the estuaries and coastal ecosystems have been well documented. Natural and anthropogenic activities such as industrial offshore oil spills and groundwater pollution have increased its levels in natural water systems. This brief review provides a clear view on arsenic occurrence, ecotoxicity and its potential remediation. Both humans and biota were affected from arsenic contamination. The development of substitute materials for arsenic applications in the agricultural and forestry industries and controls of arsenic emissions from the coal industry may be possible strategies to significantly decrease arsenic pollution sources and dissipation rates into the environment. At the same, to develop cost effective green remediation technology for cleaning As in water and soils is essential.