alexa Artificial Cranial Deformation: Potential Implications for Affected Brain Function
ISSN 2332-0915

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Review Article

Artificial Cranial Deformation: Potential Implications for Affected Brain Function

Tyler G O’Brien1* Lauren R Peters1 and Marc E Hines2

1Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, USA

2Department of Neurology, Covenant Hospital, Waterloo, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Tyler G. O’Brien
Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology
University of Northern Iowa, USA
Tel: 319-273-2789
Fax: 319-273-7104
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: July 18, 2013; Accepted date: September 18, 2013; Published date: September 26, 2013

Citation: O’Brien TG, Peters LR, Hines ME (2013) Artificial Cranial Deformation: Potential Implications for Affected Brain Function. Anthropol 1:107. doi:10.4172/2332-0915.1000107

Copyright: © 2013 O’Brien TG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The anthropological study of the ancient cross-cultural practice of artificial cranial deformation (ACD), or intentional head modification, allows for the opportunity to assess the effects of functional interactions of the dynamic altered growth and development processes. Intentionally altering the infant skull is produced through mechanical means by attaching a device to the child’s head. Through the application of a deforming apparatus directly to the infant’s head, soon after birth and up to as long as four years, the child’s head becomes permanently altered. The amount of cranial modification and subsequent deformation is dependent upon the extent of time the molding apparatus is applied to the infant’s head. The longer the amount of time applied the greater the resulting stress and subsequent deformation. This paper explores the potential of inhibited cranial development or spatial disorientation and the subsequent effects it may have on adjacent functionally and morphologically related structures, especially as it pertains to brain function. A theoretical analysis is presented because of the practically non-existent data for this ancient practice. However, based onbioarchaeological and neurological analyses of the cranium and brain, it is highly suspected that ACD, in general, would have produced negative results to the lobes and abilities of the individual; such as: influencing vision, object recognition, hearing ability, impairing memory, promoting inattentiveness, inability to concentrate and motor aphasia, contributing to behavior disorders and difficulty in learning new information.


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