alexa Ascorbic Acid and Performance: A Review
ISSN: 2376-1318

Vitamins & Minerals
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Ascorbic Acid and Performance: A Review

Luciana de Quadros1, Igor Brandao2 and Rafael Longhi3*
1Nutricionist, Pos Graduate in Sports Nutrition, Brazil
2University Center AGES - UniAges, Center of Health and Biological Sciences, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS), Brazil
3Department of Biochemistry, Postgraduate Program in Biochemistry, Institute of Basic Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil
*Corresponding Author : Dr. Rafael Longhi
Department of Biochemistry, Postgraduate Program in Biochemistry
Institute of Basic Health Sciences
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil
Tel: 555192943921
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: February 14, 2016 Accepted: March 04, 2016 Published: March 11, 2016
Citation: Quadros L, Brandao I, Longhi R (2016) Ascorbic Acid and Performance: A Review. Vitam Miner 5:136. doi:10.4172/2376-1318.1000136
Copyright: © 2016 Quadros L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Purpose: Review of the evidence which supports the consumption of vitamin C for sportsmen and athletes aiming improvement performance. Data synthesis: Vitamin C is an essential micronutrient with several important biological functions. In addition to being considered a potent antioxidant that eliminates reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Among other functions, vitamin C reduces the symptoms of colds and flu, accelerating the recovery process and has an anti-catabolic effect. This effect has fundamental importance for the physically active. Considering that vitamin C participates as a cofactor in carnitine biosynthesis, steroid hormones and neurotransmitters, it has been established the idea that the need for this nutrient would increase for people engaged in strenuous exercise or frequent stress. Because of this, this paper aims to investigate the role of this micronutrient in performance. Material and methods: We searched the published scientific literature for randomized controlled trials of adult human subjects reporting vitamin C intake and training, besides animal models and literature review about the topic. Twenty-eight papers since 2000 were identified by searches of PubMed, with the search terms “ascorbic acid”, “bioavailability”, “oxidative stress”, “performance”, “free radicals” “supplementation”, “toxicity” and “vitamin C”, ensuring recent knowledge about ascorbic acid. Conclusions: The importance of vitamin C in the diet is indisputable, but more research is needed to clarify whether supplementation of this micronutrient actually leads to performance optimization.

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