Aspects of Cognition/Health Failure by HIV-infected Individuals: Amelioration through Exercise
Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Box 500, S-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
- *Corresponding Author:
- Archer T
Department of Psychology
University of Gothenburg, Box 500
S-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
Tel: +46 31 7864694
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date May 23, 2016; Accepted date May 24, 2016; Published date May 31, 2016
Citation: Archer T (2016) Aspects of Cognition/Health Failure by HIV-infected Individuals: Amelioration through Exercise. HIV Curr Res 1: e101. doi: 10.4172/2572-0805.1000e101
Copyright: © 2016 Archer T. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
A profile of progressive neurological symptoms referred to collectively as HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) has been found to be linked to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV- 1) with symptoms implicating several cognitive domains, including attention, learning, memory, affect and motor functioning. Neuropsychological testing indicates that around fifty percent of HIV patients, in antiretroviral therapy, present evidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI)/HIV dementia which implies that prevalence was unchanged from the pre- to the potent antiretroviral period, although incidence of MCI had increased and HIV dementia decreased. In children and adolescents presenting HIV, the status of stimulant treatment fot cognitive, behavioral and quality-of-life deficits remains an expectancy, rather than a guarantee of long-term improvement . The syndrome, HAND, presents a spectrum of neurocognitive-neurologic deficits characterized, on the one hand, by poor concentration, memory impairments and psychological sluggishness, and on the other hand, by psychomotor retardation, deficits in fine motor control, balance and posture problems with accompanying clumsiness, and tremors. The behavioral deficits include apathy, flatness of affect, lethargy and loss of spontaneity.