alexa Assessing the Morphological Variations on the Pollen Gr
ISSN: 0974-8369

Biology and Medicine
Open Access

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Special Issue Article

Assessing the Morphological Variations on the Pollen Grains of Solanum Betaceum caused by Chemical, Biological and Ecological Pesticides

Anita Del Hierro1, Sara Guerra1, Flavio Padilla1, Carlos R. Arroyo2, Norman Soria1 and Alexis Debut1,2*

1Departamento Ciencias de la Vida y de la Agricultura, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE, PO BOX 171-5231B, Sangolquí, Ecuador

2Centro de Nanociencia y Nanotecnología, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE, PO BOX 171-5231B, Sangolquí, Ecuador

*Corresponding Author:
Alexis Debut
Centro de Nanociencia y Nanotecnología
Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE
PO BOX 171-5231B, Sangolquí, Ecuador
Tel: 593 (2) 3989400 Ext: 2113
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 20, 2016; Accepted date: May 05, 2016; Published date: May 12, 2016

Citation: Hierro AD, Guerra S, Padilla F, Arroyo CR, Soria N, et al. (2016) Assessing the Morphological Variations on the Pollen Grains of Solanum betaceum caused by Chemical, Biological and Ecological Pesticides. Biol Med (Aligarh) 8:286. doi: 10.4172/0974-8369.1000286

Copyright: © 2016 Hierro AD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Solanum betaceum is a crop of great economic importance in Ecuador. Unfortunately, it is susceptible to diverse pathologies caused by bacteria, fungi, insects and nematodes. Several pesticides are currently used to prevent the plagues but their intensive and/or incorrect use can affect the development of the plants as well as the local environment. The aim of this paper is to investigate the morphological changes on both the internal and external structure of the of Solanum betaceum pollen grains caused by three types of pesticides: chemical, biological and ecological. By using Transmission and Scanning Electron Microscopy, we have studied over 140 pollen grains exposed to these different pesticides. The results demonstrate that the pesticides influence the morphology and structure of the pollen grains, thus probably affecting the plant reproductive process.

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