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ISSN: 2157-7110

Journal of Food Processing & Technology
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Research Article

Assessment of Bread Safety in Nigeria: One Decade after the Ban on the Use of Potassium Bromate

Ifiora BI1, Ezenyi CI1, Ofoefule SI2 and Emeje OM1*

1National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Abuja, Nigeria

2Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Industrial Pharmacy, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Emeje OM
National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Abuja, Nigeria
Tel: +2348037035738
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 07, 2014; Accepted date: November 24, 2014; Published date: January 07, 2015

Citation: Ifiora BI, Ezenyi CI, Ofoefule SI, Emeje OM (2015) Assessment of Bread Safety in Nigeria: One Decade after the Ban on the Use of Potassium Bromate. J Food Process Technol 6:409. doi:10.4172/2157-7110.1000409

Copyright: © 2015 Ifiora BI, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

In 2004 the National Agency for Food, Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC), the agency responsible for regulating drugs, foods and chemicals in Nigeria, banned the use of potassium bromate in bread on account of its deleterious effect and carcinogenicity in humans. Consequently, researchers periodically evaluate the compliance level by the industries and the results have been alarming. In the present evaluation, carried out in the Nigeria’s federal capital; the seat of government, twenty-six different brands of breads were sampled from the 6 area councils. Quality assessment shows that, all the brands contained potassium bromate in a quantity that exceeded the minimum recommended by the FDA suggesting that most bread circulating in FCT are unsafe for human consumption. Two of the bread samples which were relatively safe were not even registered by NAFDAC. It is therefore concluded that, urgent steps

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