Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients Receiving Regular Hemodialysis
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mahmoud A. Abdelghany
Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine and Nephrology
Alexandria University, Egypt
Tel: 20 100 680 795
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 18, 2016; Accepted Date: April 02, 2016; Published: April 09, 2016
Citation: Abdelghany MA, Elgohary EE, Nienaa YA (2016) Assessment of Health- Related Quality of Life in Patients Receiving Regular Hemodialysis. J Nephrol Ther 6:246. doi:10.4172/2161-0959.1000246
Copyright: © 2016 Abdelghany MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the hemodialysis unit of Karmouz Health Insurance Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt. The study was conducted on adult End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients maintained on regular hemodialysis treatment for ≥1 year. Aim was to assess self-perception of ESRD patients undergoing regular Hemodialysis (HD) of their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and explore resulted scores using kidney disease quality of life short form 36 instrument (KDQOL SF-36). A total of 81 eligible patients joined the study (49 males and 32 females). Aged 50.6 ± 12.7 years. Results showed that HRQOL of HD patients was very poor in all domains. The mean total score was below 50 (out of 100 point) with mean Physical Health Composite (PHC) = 35.57 ± 7.34 and mean Mental Health Composite (MHC) = 36.76 ± 10.22. In general, scores were relatively higher in males, younger age groups, high educational level, employed and/or higher family income. Regarding clinical prolife, this study showed that scores were lower among patients suffering anemia, dyslipidemia, hypoalbuminemia and/or those with comorbidities. Scores for general health survey were significantly lower in anemic patients (with hemoglobin level <11g/dL). Working patients had significantly higher scores than non-working or retired. The study also showed that employment was the only significant predictor for total HRQOL score in a multiple linear regression model was designed to predict total score, while controlling for hemoglobin level, age, duration of being on HD (p = 0.028).