Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Adverse Drug
Reaction Reporting among Doctors and Pharmacists in Primary
Tew MM1*, Teoh BC2, Mohd Baidi AS3 and Saw HL3
1Clinical Research Centre, Hospital Sultan Abdul Halim, Kedah, Malaysia
2Hospital Pulau Pinang, Penang, Malaysia
3Kuala Muda District Health Office, Kedah, Malaysia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Tew Mei Mei
Clinical Research Centre
Hospital Sultan Abdul Halim
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: June 21, 2016; Accepted date: July 21, 2016; Published date: July 26, 2016
Citation: Tew MM, Teoh BC, Mohd Baidi AS, Saw HL (2016) Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Adverse Drug Reaction
Reporting among Doctors and Pharmacists in Primary Healthcare. Adv Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 5:206. doi:10.4172/2167-1052.1000206
Copyright: © 2016 Tew MM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted
use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are global problems of major concern. Healthcare professional's knowledge and attitudes to ADR and ADR reporting play vital role to report any cases of ADR. Positive attitudes may favour ADR reporting practices by healthcare professionals.
Objective: This study was aimed to investigate the KAP towards ADR reporting among HCPs working at primary outpatient care in Kuala Muda District Health Office, Kedah, Malaysia. Methodology: A cross sectional study was done by survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed to all healthcare professionals working at primary outpatient care in Kuala Muda District Health Office, Kedah, Malaysia. Result and Discussion: The overall response rate was 87.4%. The mean knowledge score was 66.9% ± 19.86 for doctors and 76.9% ± 13.87 for pharmacists (p=0.03). 43.8% of the healthcare professionals did not aware of the blue card reporting system in Malaysia. Almost all of the respondents agreed that ADR reporting should be made mandatory and they recognized that it's their professional obligation to report any ADR. However, only 51.9% of doctors and 70.8 % of pharmacist had reported. Half of the respondents professed that ADR forms are too complex to fill and almost all of the respondents (90.4% doctors and 87.5% pharmacists) declared that they are lacking of time to fill in the report. 69.2% of doctors expressed that they have not been trained on ADR reporting which was contradicting with the pharmacists (12.5%) (p<0.001). Almost all respondents (82.7 % doctors and 95.8 pharmacists) concurred that ADR reporting should be taught in details to them. Conclusion: Respondents reflected inadequate knowledge on ADR reporting. The prevalence of unsatisfactory practices and attitudes among these HCPs contributed to failure to report ADR even if the ADR was identified. Educational intervention strategies can be introduced in order to promote ADR reporting.