Assessment of Major and Trace Elements in Aquatic Macrophytes, Soils and Bottom Sediments Collected Along Different Water Objects in the Black Sea Coastal Zone by Using Neutron Activation Analysis
- *Corresponding Author:
- Nekhoroshkov PS
Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: November 30, 2016; Accepted Date: December 30, 2016; Published Date: January 03, 2017
Citation: Nekhoroshkov PS, Kravtsova AV, Kamnev AN, Bunkova O (2017) Assessment of Major and Trace Elements in Aquatic Macrophytes, Soils and Bottom Sediments Collected Along Different Water Objects in the Black Sea Coastal Zone by Using Neutron Activation Analysis. Mod Chem Appl 5:208. doi: 10.4172/2329-6798.1000208
Copyright: © 2017 Nekhoroshkov PS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The levels and compartmentalization of Na, Mg, Al, Cl, K, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Mo, Sb, I, Cs, Ba, La, Ce, Sm, Eu, Tb, Hf, Ta, Au, Th, and U in Phragmites australis Carex conescens L and Cladophora sericea from the Caucasian coast of the Black Sea Anapa recreational region was investigated by Neutron Activation Analysis. The study touches upon subject of the sediment-to-plant and root-to-leaf elemental transfer as well as of the influence of anthropogenic pollution on wetland ecosystems in zone of resort. The content of the majority of considered elements was found higher in the belowground organs of P. australis than in the aboveground tissues while a reverse regularity was evidenced for C. conescens. The levels of elements decrease from bottom sediments to aquatic plants with the notable exception of the halogens Cl, Br and I that presented 5 to 100 fold higher content in plants than in sediments. The increased levels of As, Mo, and Sb in some soil and sediment samples most probably indicate the anthropogenic pollution. It recommends them for a continuous monitoring of the same area.