Assessment of Micro Nutritional Malnutrition in an Urban Area of Bangladesh among the Adult Population on the Basis of Individual Dietary Diversity Score (IDDS)Nazrul Islam M1*, Fatema Akther2, Saliheen Sultana SS3 and Qamrun Nahar4
- *Corresponding Author:
- Nazrul Islam M
Assistant Professor, Department of Unani Medicine
Hamdard University Bangladesh, Sonargaon
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 21, 2014; Accepted date: March 24, 2015; Published date: March 31, 2015
Citation: Islam NM, Akther F, Saliheen Sultana SS, Nahar Q (2015) Assessment of Micro Nutritional Malnutrition in an Urban Area of Bangladesh among the Adult Population on the Basis of Individual Dietary Diversity Score (IDDS). J Nutr Food Sci 5:362. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000362
Copyright: © 2015 Islam NM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background/objecives: Micro nutritional malnutrition is a global public health problem contributing directly and indirectly to morbidity and mortality of billions of peoples worldwide. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are widespread, affecting one third of the global population. The general objective of the study was assessment of average Individual Dietary Diversity Score (IDDS) in selected adult urban population. Subjects and methods: In this study 300 subjects of which 150 male and 150 female were studied. Among 300 subjects 100 were hostel student, 100 were non hostel student and 100 were slum people with ranges were 18-30 years of age. The Study was conducted in an urban area of Dhaka. Pre-structured questionnaire was developed with relevant information’s. The food intake patterns of the subjects were recorded by 24 hours recall method and used nine food groups for IDDS information. IDDS was calculated according to Low IDDS (<3 Food groups), Moderate IDDS (4-5 Food groups) and High IDDS (>6 Food groups). Results: Our Results showed that 150 male out of 300 participants IDDS and FCS were 4.15 ± 0.88, 6-2, 9.88 ± 1.88, 15-5. On the other hand, among 150 female their IDDS and FCS were 4.28 ± 1.2, 7-2, 9.43 ± 2.38, 15-4. P value of IDDS and FCS were 0.064 and 0.069. Education was the highly significant (p<0.001) associated with Food Consumption Score (FCS) and sex was significant (p<0.03) with Food Consumption Score (FCS). Conclusion: Academic qualification of the family is associated with Individual Dietary Diversity Score (IDDS) and Food Consumption Score (FCS).