Assessment of Oral Health Problems in Patients Receiving Orthodontic TreatmentAkshay Gupta* and Karanprakash Singh
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Indira Gandhi Government Dental College and Hospital, Jammu and Kashmir, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Akshay Gupta
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics
Indira Gandhi Government Dental College and Hospital
Jammu and Kashmir, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: December 25, 2014; Accepted date:January 14, 2015; Published date: January 19, 2015
Citation: Gupta A, Singh K (2015) Assessment of Oral Health Problems in Patients Receiving Orthodontic Treatment. Dentistry 5:280. doi: 10.4172/2161-1122.1000280
Copyright: © 2015 Gupta A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: To assess the problems faced by patients receiving orthodontic treatment as this procedure leads to more accumulation of plaque that effects oral health.
Methods: This epidemiological study was done among a group of 500 subjects consisting of 194 orthodontic and 306 non orthodontic patients. The age of all the participants ranges between 17 to 20 years with a mean age of 21.36 years. Clinical examination was done to know the presence of dental problems with orthodontic procedure. Data were analyzed with SPSS software version 16.0 at p<0.05.
Results: The dental problems noticed during the orthodontic procedure were oral ulcerations (47.6%), caries (34.3%) and periodontal diseases (18.1%). Significant difference was found in case of calculus and shallow pocket component (4-5 mm) (p<0.05) among both the groups. Overall significant difference of DMFT was surveyed among the groups with an increase in mean scores among orthodontic patients (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The study showed high prevalence of dental problems in the orthodontic patients as they feel difficulty in maintaining their oral hygiene due to the inconvenience caused by orthodontic appliances.