alexa Assessment of Retrospective and Current Substance Use in Women Who Inject Drugs in Low-Income Urban Settings in Kenya | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2329-6488

Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
  • Research Article   
  • J Alcohol Drug Depend 2018, Vol 7(1): 324
  • DOI: 10.4172/2329-6488.1000324

Assessment of Retrospective and Current Substance Use in Women Who Inject Drugs in Low-Income Urban Settings in Kenya

Catherine Mwangi1, Simon Karanja1, John Gachohi1,2*, Violet Wanjihia3 and Zipporah Ng’ang’a4
1School of Public Health, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya
2School of Public Health, Washington State University-Global Health Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya
3Centre for Public Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya
4Department of Academics, Research and Student Affairs, South Eastern Kenya University, Kenya
*Corresponding Author : John Gachohi, School of Public Health, Washington State University -Global Health Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya, Tel: +254 67 5870001, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jan 22, 2019 / Accepted Date: Feb 20, 2019 / Published Date: Feb 28, 2019

Abstract

Women who inject drugs (WWIDs) continue to experience challenges that accumulate their risk to HIV transmission and other co-morbidities. However, data that conceptually link diverse substance use dimensions in WWIDs are lacking particularly in developing countries. We assessed retrospective and current substance use among 306 WWIDs in low-income urban settings in Kenya using mixed methods. Descriptive analyses were performed on quantitative data while qualitative narratives revealed insights from quantitative findings. The mean age of the study participants was 17 (range 11, 30) years. Out of the 306 WWIDs 57% commenced with substance use by combining both licit and illicit drugs. Intimate sexual partners including spouses and casual sex partners introduced seventy-four percent of WWIDs to substance use. Majority of the WWIDs (39.9%) commenced with 2- way substance combination with bhang and cigarette having the highest usage. However, 4-way substance combinations containing heroin, cigarette, bhang, valium, Rohypnol had the highest frequency (12.8%) at the time of the survey. Varied routes of heroin administration were mentioned including injection, smoking and sniffing as separate routes and as 2-way or 3-way mode combinations of these. To inform policies targeting the health and rights of girls and women in low income settings, this study recommends urgent upstream policies targeting the girl adolescent life in form of a multifunctional package composed of identifying girls at risk, substance use interventions, sexual health education, improved educational attainment, and progressive social policies that target low social economic status in the adolescent phase. Harm reduction programs in Kenya should target people who use heroin through both injection and non-injection modes of administration.

Keywords: WWID`s; Substance use; Human immunodeficiency virus

Citation: Mwangi C, Karanja S, Gachohi J, Wanjihia V, Ng’ang’a Z (2019) Assessment of Retrospective and Current Substance Use in Women Who Inject Drugs in Low-Income Urban Settings in Kenya. J Alcohol Drug Depend 7: 324. Doi: 10.4172/2329-6488.1000324

Copyright: © 2019 Mwangi C, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Leave Your Message 24x7
Top