alexa Assessment on Chemicals and Drugs Residue in Dairy and Poultry Products in Bishoftu and Modjo, Central Ethiopia
ISSN: 2155-9600

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
Open Access

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Research Article

Assessment on Chemicals and Drugs Residue in Dairy and Poultry Products in Bishoftu and Modjo, Central Ethiopia

Takele Beyene1*, Abdulkaf Kemal1, Tariku Jibat2, Fanos Tadese1, Dinka Ayana3and Ashenafi Feyisa1

1Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture Addis Ababa University, P.O.Box 34, Bishoftu, Ethiopia

2Department of Animal Production Science, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture Addis Ababa University, P.O.Box 34, Bishoftu, Ethiopia

3Department of Pathology and Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture Addis Ababa University, P.O.Box 34, Bishoftu, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Takele Beyene
Department of Biomedical Sciences
College of Veterinary Medicine and
Agriculture Addis Ababa University
P.O.Box 34, Bishoftu, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: February 27, 2015 Accepted date: June 19, 2015 Published date: June 22, 2015

Citation: Takele Beyene, Abdulkaf Kemal, Tariku Jibat, Fanos Tadese, Dinka Ayana and Ashenafi Feyisa (2015) Assessment on Chemicals and Drugs Residue in Dairy and Poultry Products in Bishoftu and Modjo, Central Ethiopia. J Nutr Food Sci S13:002. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.S13-002

Copyright: © 2015 Beyene T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

 

Abstract

Despite the growing of contamination of foods of animal origin with chemicals during production, processing and storage, less attention being paid for the potentially present chemical residues in such foods (meat, milk, eggs and their products). This study was carried out to assess the chemicals and veterinary drugs used, and their possible occurrence as residue in dairy and poultry products in randomly selected dairy and poultry farms, and milk and animal feed processing plants located in Bishoftu and Modjo, central Ethiopia through questionnaire and observation. The result of this study showed that antibiotics, mainly penicillin-streptomycin and ampicillin-cloxacilin combination were used in all dairy farms while oxytetracycline and sulfa drugs were used by 85.7% and 57.1% of dairy farms. Oxytetracycline, amoxicillin, ciprofloxacillin, and sulfa drugs were used in 100%, 71.4%, 28.6%, and 28.6% of poultry farms, respectively. The study also revealed albendazole and ivermectin were commonly used in 96.4% and 71.4% of the dairy farms, respectively while piperazine was a common anthelmintic used in 31.0% of poultry farms. The antiprotozoal drugs commonly used in poultry farm were amprolium (100%) and sulfa drugs (26.3%) while the commonly used drug in dairy farms was sulfa drugs (50.0%). Antiseptics, namely, savlon (82.2%), iodine tincture (53.3%) and denatured alcohol (53.3%) were commonly used in dairy farm whereas disinfectants, such as, hydrogen peroxide (83.3%), sodium hydroxide (66.7%), and formalin (19.0%) were commonly used in poultry farms though small number of dairy farms also used formalin (17.8%) and hydrogen peroxide (10.7%). Among the rodenticides used in farms, zinc phosphide was used more in poultry farms (33.3%) than dairy farms (14.3%). Different chemicals were also used in the milk and feed processing plants. We conclude that there are high possibility of drug and chemical residues occurrence in poultry and dairy products in the area.

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