Associated Risk Factors in Female Urinary Incontinence and Effectiveness of Electromyography-Biofeedback on Quality of LifeMarcos Edgar Fernández-Cuadros1*, Antonia Geanini-Yagüez2, Javier Nieto-Blasco2, Jose Antonio Miron-Canelo3, Olga Perez-Moro4 and Maria Fernanda Lorenzo-Gomez5
- *Corresponding Author:
- Marcos Edgar Fernández Cuadros
Rehabilitation Department, Santa Cristina’s
University Hospital, Madrid and Santisima
Trinidad Foundation’s Hospital, Salamanca, Spain
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: September 17, 2015; Accepted date: September 19, 2015; Published date: October 25, 2015
Citation: Fernández-Cuadros ME, Geanini-Yaguez A, Nieto-Blasco J, Miron-Canelo JA, Perez-Moro, OS, Lorenzo-Gomez MF (2015) Associated Risk Factors in Female Urinary Incontinence and Effectiveness of Electromyography-Biofeedback on Quality of Life. J Women’s Health Care 4:273. doi:10.4172/2167-0420.1000273
Copyright: © 2015 Fernández-Cuadros ME, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The aim of this study is to determine the demographic characteristics and risk factors related to female Urinary Incontinence (UI), the frequency by age, sex, type and degree of incontinence; and to evaluate the effectiveness of a pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) protocol with electromyography (EMG-BFB) with surface electrodes applied at the Pelvic Floor (PF) Unit of the Department of Rehabilitation at Salamanca’s Healthcare University Complex: as well as the potential effect on the Quality of Life (QoL) of incontinent women through the ICIQ-SF/I-QOL scales/questionnaires. We studied 311 female with different types of UI. They were all treated with 20 EMG-BFB sessions, twice a week. Superficial electrodes were used around the anus, and self administered ICIQ-SF and I-QOL questionnaires/scales were used. The mean age was 55.76+/-14.95 years. There were 83.6% female and 16.4% male. The UI increases with age. We have found statistical significance (p<0.05) between UI and pregnancy, delivery, menopause and gynecological abdominal or urological surgery in women. The commonest UI type was the Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) (58.28%), and the 2º grade SUI (47.73%) the most common. After EMG-BFB treatment, we have found a statistically significant improvement (p<0.05) in the mean values for both of the scales, in total UI female patients, for any of the UI types (included UUI) as well as in every I-QOL subscales. After analyzing our data and the bibliography reviewed, EMG-BFB was effective as a training technique of the pelvic floor muscles in UI, and in improving the QoL of female patients. The risk factors for female UI are age, pregnancy, delivery, menopause, and gynecological, abdominal or urological surgery.