Association among Vitamin D Deficiency, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Glycemic ControlAbdulmoein E Al-Agha1,2* and Ihab A Ahmad3
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Abdulmoein E Al-Agha
DCH, FRCPCH, Faculty of Medicine
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 10, 2015; Accepted date: August 22, 2015; Published date: August 26, 2015
Citation: Al-Agha AE, Ahmad IA (2015) Association among Vitamin D Deficiency, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Glycemic Control. J Diabetes Metab 6:594. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000594
Copyright: © 2015 Al-Agha AE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Studies have identified that the deficiency of vitamin D is strongly connected with diabetes mellitus type 1. Vitamin D has the capability to control increased blood glucose level. Purpose: The study appraises the association among vitamin D deficiency, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and glycated hemoglobin among children. Methods: Around, 226 diabetic children were selected for this retrospective study from outpatient department of King Abdul Aziz University Hospital. Majority of the participants were female individuals, with the rate of 61.1% and were divided into three categories, based upon the rate of vitamin D deficiency. Every participant of the study was taking intensive insulin therapy. Results: The findings of the study have shown that 77% of the diabetic patients had reduced level of vitamin D in total. The study identified, from the evaluation between HbA1c control and vitamin D status, that 66% of the diabetic and vitamin D deficient participants were poorly controlled (HbA1c>9%). Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency among the patients of diabetes mellitus type 1 was extremely high and was closely related with glycemic control. Additionally, the findings of the study have demonstrated therapeutic implications that the supplements of vitamin D have the potential to manage glucose level.