alexa Association of Chicken Fatty Acid Desaturase 1 and 2 Gene Single- Nucleotide Polymorphisms with the Fatty Acid Composition of Thigh Meat in Japanese Hinai-dori Crossbred Chickens
ISSN: 2332-2608

Journal of Fisheries & Livestock Production
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Association of Chicken Fatty Acid Desaturase 1 and 2 Gene Single- Nucleotide Polymorphisms with the Fatty Acid Composition of Thigh Meat in Japanese Hinai-dori Crossbred Chickens

Rikimaru K1, Egawa Y2, Yamaguchi S2,3 and Takahashi H4*

1Akita Prefectural Livestock Experiment Station, Daisen 019-1701, Japan

2Oils and Fats Fundamental Technology Laboratory, J-OIL MILLS, Inc., Yokohama 230-0053, Japan

3Institute of Food Sciences and Technologies, Ajinomoto Co., Inc., Kawasaki 210-8681, Japan

4Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, NARO, Tsukuba 305-0901, Japan

*Corresponding Author:
Takahashi H
Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science
NARO, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0901, Japan
Tel: +81-29-838-8623
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 07, 2016; Accepted Date: October 13, 2016; Published Date: October 20, 2016

Citation: Rikimaru K, Egawa Y, Yamaguchi S, Takahashi H (2016) Association of Chicken Fatty Acid Desaturase 1 and 2 Gene Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms with the Fatty Acid Composition of Thigh Meat in Japanese Hinai-dori Crossbred Chickens. J Fisheries Livest Prod 4:202 doi: 10.4172/2332-2608.1000202

Copyright: © 2016 Rikimaru K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Hinai-jidori chicken, a cross between Hinai-dori (a breed native to Akita Prefecture, Japan) sires and Rhode Island Red dams, is a popular chicken brand in Japan. We previously reported that a high arachidonic acid (ARA) content is a characteristic feature of Hinai-jidori chicken and demonstrated that chicken meat with higher ARA contents had a much better taste perception than that with low ARA contents using Hinai-jidori and broiler chickens. To investigate the genes affecting fatty acid profiles, including ARA, in Hinai-jidori chicken, we genotyped polymorphisms of the fatty acid desaturase 1 and 2 (FADS1 and FADS2) genes and investigated their association with the fatty acid profile in Hinai-jidori meat. 5′-flanking regions, all the exons, and 3′-untranslated regions of the FADS1 and FADS2 genes in three chicken breeds, i.e., Hinai-dori, Rhode Island Red, and White Plymouth Rock, were amplified via PCR, after which their nucleotides were sequenced and SNPs were identified. Of the 71 and 46 SNPs found in the FADS1 and FADS2 genes, respectively, two SNPs were chosen from each gene, and their associations with fatty acid profiles of Hinai-jidori meat were analyzed. Hinai-jidori female chickens hatched on the same day and reared under identical environmental conditions for the same duration were used in this study. In each SNP of FADS1 and FADS2, the ARA and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) compositions were significantly higher in the G than in the A allele, respectively. Moreover, an association of FADS1 and FADS2 haplotypes with the fatty acid composition was observed. For example, the ARA and DHA composition of the G-G-haplotype were significantly higher than those of the A-A-haplotype. Thus, we concluded that SNPs in the FADS1 and FADS2 gene cluster are useful to increase ARA and DHA, and can be used to develop strategies for improving the taste of Hinai-jidori chicken.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords