Association of Vaccination Coverage Factors with Childrens Immunization Status in the Local Government of Djougou in Benin in 2013
- *Corresponding Author:
- Alphonse Noudamadjo
Pediatrician & Lecturer
Department of Mother and Child
Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou
Arafath, Parakou, Borgou, Benin
Tel: 229 90 04 90 07
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 04, 2016; Accepted Date: March 01, 2016; Published Date: March 03, 2016
Citation: Noudamadjo A, Agossou J, Adédémy JD, Aniwanou B, Salifou S (2016) Association of Vaccination Coverage Factors with Children’s Immunization Status in the Local Government of Djougou in Benin in 2013. Pediatr Ther 6:281. doi:10.4172/2161-0665.1000281
Copyright: © 2016 Noudamadjo A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: In recent years, several epidemics, especially measles, had been notified in some local governments of Benin such as the one of Djougou.
Objectives: This study aims to assess vaccination coverage and identify immunization system factors associated with children immunization status.
Methods: It was a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study. It had been conducted from 29th to 31st August, 2013 and involved 410 children aged of 12 to 23 months and their mothers/minders. The study also focused on the officers of 13 immunization services. Those respondents were randomly selected through cluster sampling in 30 villages of the local government of Djougou.
Findings: Coverages with tuberculosis vaccine (BCG), with vaccines against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, haemophilus influenzae b, and viral hepatitis B 1st, 2nd and 3rd doses (DTP1 - Hep1 - Hib1, DTC2 - Hep2 - Hib2, DPT3 - Hep3 - Hib3) and measles vaccine were respectively 96.30%, 92.90%, 89.00%, 84.60% and 72.00%. Concerning the immunization status, 29.02% of the children were not fully vaccinated. After analysis, six immunization system-related factors associated with immunization status were identified.
Conclusion: About one out of three children was not completely vaccinated. These results may explain the occurrence of measles epidemics recorded in the local government.