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ISSN: 2167-1095

Journal of Hypertension: Open Access
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Research Article

Association of Visceral Fat Index and Percentage Body Fat and Anthropometric Measures with Myocardial Infarction and Stroke

Yi Chen1,2, Chunhua Song1,2, Jicheng Jiang1,2, Xiaolin Chen1,2, Yajuan Xu1,2, Xiaoqin Cao1,2, Shuying Liang3, Nan Ma3, Wei Nie3 and Kaijuan Wang1,2*

1Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China

2Key Laboratory of Tumor Epidemiology of Henan Province, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, China

3Academy of Medical Sciences of Henan Province, China

*Corresponding Author:
Kaijuan Wang
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics
College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University
No. 100 Science Avenue, Zhengzhou City
450001, China
Tel: +86 371 6665 8357; 8172
Fax: +86 371 6665 8357
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 6, 2016; Accepted Date: December 26, 2016; Published Date: December 31, 2016

Citation: Chen Y, Jiang J, Shi J, Chen X, Xu Y, et al. (2016) Association of Visceral Fat Index and Percentage Body Fat and Anthropometric Measures with Myocardial Infarction and Stroke. J Hypertens 5: 235. doi:10.4172/2167-1095.1000235

Copyright: © 2016 Chen Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of bioelectrical obesity indices (percentage body fat, PBF; visceral fat index, VFI) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) and evaluate the optimal cut-off values for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. Method: A community-based cross-sectional study including 6027 males and 8874 females aged ≥ 35 years was conducted in 66 sample sites by multistage random sampling method from Henan Province, China. Result: The area under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) of PBF was highest in males for MI (0.651) and stroke (0.623) and in females for MI (0.618) and stroke (0.611). VFI and PBF had better discriminatory power in males of 35~54 age groups for MI (AUC=0.667) and stroke (AUC=0.702), respectively. Optimal cut-off values for VFI and PBF in males/females were approximately 15 /10 and 25% /36%, respectively. Combined two high levels of waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), VFI and PBF could increase higher adjusted OR for MI (1.41-2.81) and stroke (1.49-2.08). Conclusion: High level of PBF and VFI could increase the risk of CVD. PBF may be a more sensitive indicator of CVD. The combination of WHtR, PBF and VFI was found to be associated with greater OR of CVD than them alone.

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