alexa Associations between Breakfast Skipping and Body Mass Index, and Type 2 Diabetes in South Korea
ISSN: 2165-8048

Internal Medicine: Open Access
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Research Article

Associations between Breakfast Skipping and Body Mass Index, and Type 2 Diabetes in South Korea

Jae-Hyun Kim1,2, Eun-Cheol Park2,3, Sang Gyu Lee2,4, Woo-Hyun Cho2,5, Young Choi1,2 and Ki-Bong Yoo6*
1Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
2Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
3Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
4Department of Hospital Administration, Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
5Eulji University, Daejeon, South Korea
6Department of Healthcare Management, Eulji University, Sungnam, South Korea
*Corresponding Author : Ki-Bong Yoo
Department of healthcare management
Eulji University, 553 Sansung-daero Soojung-gu
Sungnam-si, Kyungki-do 461-815, South Korea
Tel: 82-10-8948-5354
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 06, 2014; Accepted September 17, 2014; Published September 24, 2014
Citation: Kim J, Park E, Lee SG, Cho W, Choi Y, et al. (2014) Associations between Breakfast Skipping and Body Mass Index, and Type 2 Diabetes in South Korea. Intern Med S6:005. doi:10.4172/2165-8048.S6-005
Copyright: © 2014 Kim JH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between breakfast skipping and body mass index (BMI), and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in South Korea. Methods: Data were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV (2007–2009) using a rolling sampling design of a complex, stratified, multistage, probability-cluster survey of civilian noninstitutionalized Korean residents. In total, 12,172 of 18,210 subjects were included in this study (subjects with missing variables were excluded). Results: The odds of T2D in individuals who did not consume breakfast was 3.05 (95% confidence interval (CI), 2.46–3.77) than in those who consumed breakfast. The estimated BMI was decreased by 0.19 kg/m2 (p<0.001) in those who did not consume breakfast compared with those who did. Conclusions: Breakfast skipping in South Korea is associated with increased T2D and BMI, similar to research results reported in Western countries.


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