Associations between Depressive Symptoms, Rumination, Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory and Interpretation Bias within a Clinically Depressed Sample
Marien Lievaart, Colin van der Heiden and Elke Geraerts*
Institute of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
- Corresponding Author:
- Elke Geraerts
Institute of Psychology
Erasmus University Rotterdam
P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: June 19, 2013; Accepted date: August 21, 2013; Published date: August 25, 2013
Citation: Lievaart M, Van der Heiden C, Geraerts E (2013) Associations between Depressive Symptoms, Rumination, Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory and Interpretation Bias within a Clinically Depressed Sample. J Psychol Psychother S7:004. doi:10.4172/2161-0487.S7-004
Copyright: © 2013 Lievaart M et al., This is an open-access article distributedunder the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
There is ample research demonstrating that biases in cognitive processes, such as a negative interpretation bias, rumination, and overgeneral autobiographical memory, are potential vulnerability factors for depression. However, a key limitation is that most studies conducted so far have studied cognitive biases in depression in isolation. Therefore our goal was to explore whether or not interpretation bias, overgeneral autobiographical memory, and rumination are present and interrelated in depressive outpatients. In this explorative study we examined the relationship between negative interpretation bias, rumination, overgeneral autobiographical memory, and severity of depression in clinically depressed outpatients. According to our expectations a negative interpretation bias and rumination were associated with severity of depression. Moreover, overgeneral autobiographical memory was not associated with severity of depression, but seemed to be associated with diagnosis of depression. A negative interpretation bias, overgeneral autobiographical memory, and rumination were not significantly related with each other in this study. This finding suggests they are not strongly related and might be largely distinct vulnerability factors for depression. The study presents an important yet preliminary finding which warrants further replication with a larger sample size.