alexa Associations Between Trauma History and Juvenile Sexual Offending
ISSN: 2167-1222

Journal of Trauma & Treatment
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Research Article

Associations Between Trauma History and Juvenile Sexual Offending

Laura EW Leenarts1*, Larkin S McReynolds2, Robert RJM Vermeiren3, Theo AH Doreleijers4 and Gail A Wasserman2
1VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2Columbia University Medical Center, New York City, USA
3Curium University Medical Center, Leiden and VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
4VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam and Department of Criminal Justice, Leiden University, The Netherlands
*Corresponding Author : Laura Leenarts
VU University Medical Center/de Bascule
PO Box 303, 1115 ZG Duivendrecht, Netherlands
Tel: 0031 208901370/1545
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 10, 2013; Accepted October 21, 2013; Published October 23, 2013
Citation: Leenarts LEW, Mc Reynolds LS, Vermeiren RRJM, Doreleijers TAH, Wasserman GA (2013) Associations Between Trauma History and Juvenile Sexual Offending. J Trauma Treat S4:002. doi:10.4172/2167-1222.S4-002
Copyright: © 2013 Leenarts LEW, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are are credited.
 

Abstract

Current study examined the contributions of demographic characteristics, mental health problems and interpersonal trauma history to juvenile sexual offending, and the degree to which juvenile sexual offenders differ from nonsexual interpersonal offenders. Results are based on secondary analysis of a large dataset (n= 2920) of psychiatric assessments of juveniles (USA). T-test and chi-square analyses compared demographic, offense, and diagnostic characteristics of juvenile sexual offenders and nonsexual interpersonal offenders. Logistic regression examined the relationship between type of trauma exposure and sex offender status, adjusting for other significant demographic and diagnostic contributors. Results show that compared to juvenile nonsexual interpersonal offenders, sexual offenders were significantly less likely to be female, to be African American, or to meet criteria for a substance use disorder; juvenile sexual offenders were significantly more likely to have a lifetime history of a suicide attempt and a history of sexual victimization. A set of demographic and diagnostic characteristics contributed significantly to juvenile sexual offending, as did self-reported history of sexual trauma. Findings indicate that juvenile sexual offenders in some aspects differ from nonsexual interpersonal offenders; sexual victimization plays an important role in explaining some sexually abusive behavior. Further research should identify interventions that are effective for these youth.

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