alexa Atmospheric Pollution in Dakar (Senegal) from 2011 to 2016: Correlation with the Prevalence of Respiratory Manifestations | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-105X

Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine
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  • Research Article   
  • J Pulm Respir Med,
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-105X.1000489

Atmospheric Pollution in Dakar (Senegal) from 2011 to 2016: Correlation with the Prevalence of Respiratory Manifestations

Thiam K1*, Ndao M1, Mbaye FBR1, Cisse MF1, Dia Kane Y1, Toure NO1, Ndiaye EM2, Niang S3, Diatta A4, Diaw A5 and Mbow Diokhane A6
1Department of Pulmonology and Phytosis, NUHC Fann, Dakar, Senegal
2Department of Pulmonology, SJD Hospital, Thies, Senegal
3Department of Pulmonology, RHC, Saint-Louis, Senegal
4Department of Pulmonology, Peace Hospital, Ziguinchor, Senegal
5Sanitary Information System (SIS), Ministry of Health and Social Action (MHSA), Senegal
6Air Quality Management Center (AQMC), Senegal
*Corresponding Author : Thiam K, Department of Pulmonology and Phtysiology, NUHC Fann, Dakar, Senegal, Tel: +221578 67 65;, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Mar 27, 2019 / Accepted Date: Apr 08, 2019 / Published Date: Apr 15, 2019

Abstract

Air pollution has a major impact on respiratory health. We conducted this study with the aim of correlating the levels of pollutants measured by the AQMC with the different respiratory manifestations reported in health facilities in Dakar (Senegal). Descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study conducted in Dakar from 2011 to 2016 to correlate pollution levels with respiratory manifestations. During the six years, 342203 patients were received for respiratory manifestations of which 61.81% had upper airway disease. Cough related or preceded by a cold predominated among the lower respiratory manifestations with 42.49% of cases. Peaks of gaseous pollution were consistently noted in the first and last quarters of each year. The prevalence of respiratory manifestations was strongly correlated with pollutant levels. Air pollution is permanent with peaks during the dry season. It has a negative impact on respiratory health. This justifies the need for multisectoral policies at different scales of decision.

Keywords: Gas pollution; Respiratory health; Asthma; Sulfurdioxide; Nitrogen-dioxide

Citation: Thiam K, Ndao M, Mbaye FBR, Cisse MF, Kane DY, et al. (2019) Atmospheric Pollution in Dakar (Senegal) from 2011 to 2016: Correlation with the Prevalence of Respiratory Manifestations. J Pulm Respir Med 9:489. Doi: 10.4172/2161-105X.1000489

Copyright: © 2019 Thiam K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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