alexa Atypical Presentation of Myeloid Sarcoma Mimicking a Su
ISSN: 2329-6917

Journal of Leukemia
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Research Article

Atypical Presentation of Myeloid Sarcoma Mimicking a Subcutaneous Hematoma as Complication of MDS and AML

Viteri Malone M1*, Jirat C2, Liu F1, Guarderas-Paredes D2, Lee Y2, Saint Aufranc3 and Seetharaman K4

1PGY2, Internal Medicine, Metrowest Medical Center, Framingham, MA, Tufts School of Medicine, USA

2PGY1, Internal Medicine, Metrowest Medical Center, Framingham, MA, Tufts School of Medicine, USA

3Department of Pathology, Medical Director of Clinical Laboratories, Metrowest Medical Center, Framingham Union Hospital/Leonard Morse Hospital, USA

4Medical Director of the Hematology and Oncology Department, Metrowest Medical Center, Framingham Union Hospital, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Viteri Malone M
Medical Resident, Metrowest Medical Center
115 Lincoln Street, Framingham, Massachusetts 01701, United States
Tel: +6177636993
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 11, 2017; Accepted date: May 16, 2017; Published date: May 22, 2017

Citation: Malone Mv, Jirat C, Liu F, Guarderas-Paredes D, Lee Y, et al. (2017) Atypical Presentation of Myeloid Sarcoma Mimicking a Subcutaneous Hematoma as Complication of MDS and AML. J Leuk 5:233. doi: 10.4172/2329-6917.1000233

Copyright: © 2017 Malone VM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Introduction: Less than 1% of patients with CML or acute leukemia transformations of other chronic disorders such as myeloproliferative neoplasms, particularly myelofibrosis, will present with and extramedullary presentation. Sites of isolated myeloid sarcoma include bone, periosteum, soft tissues, and lymph nodes, and less commonly the orbit, intestine, mediastinum, epidural region, uterus, and ovary. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of cases reported in the literature since 2005 to 2013. We identified similar cases to the actual ones that presented to our practice. The patients were diagnosed with myeloid sarcoma with an atypical presentation as a hematoma. We described 2 case reports, both have an atypical presentation of myeloid sarcoma mimicking a hematoma in different parts of the body. Results: We found in the literature a total of 4 cases with myeloid sarcoma with an atypical presentation as a hematoma. About, 3 of them (n=3, 75%) reported subdural hematomas. Only 1 case (n=1, 25%) reported an ocular involvement/retro-orbital hematoma. We present 2 cases that presented to our practice with a diagnosis of myeloid sarcoma and later on complicated as a subcutaneous hematoma. Discussion: We analyzed the fact that myeloid sarcoma has a very unusual presentation as a hematoma. The review of the literature supports this fact. However this should make as aware that even though this is an unusual and unique presentation we should think about it and always test the biopsy sample for IHC and flow cytometry in order to later on diagnose and treat

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