Autism Spectrum as an Empathy DisorderPio Alfredo Di Tore*, Tonia De Giuseppe and Felice Corona
Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, 132, 84084 Fisciano SA, Italy
- *Corresponding Author:
- Di Tore PA
Universita degli Studi di Salerno
Via Giovanni Paolo II, 132
84084 Fisciano SA, Italy
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: 18 December 2016; Accepted date: 06 January 2017; Published date: 13 January, 2017
Citation: Di Tore PA, De Giuseppe T, Corona F (2017) Autism Spectrum as an Empathy Disorder. Autism Open Access 6:198. doi:10.4172/2165-7890.1000198
Copyright: © 2017 Di Tore PA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
According to the DSM-V, the diagnosis of "autism spectrum disorder" requires the presence of at least three symptoms in the category of "deficit of social communication" and at least two in that of "repetitive behaviors." Children with autism, therefore, show a large deficit area of social communication, and most scholars agree that the lack of empathy figures prominently among these disorders. This work discusses the link between autism, empathy and perception – action process, according to neuroscientific evidences. The neuroscientific framework makes direct reference to a paradigm of perception/action that now appears permanently reversed with respect to the idea of perception-action that was dominant in the second half of the twentieth century, solidly hinged on cognitivist foundations and, in particular, on the computational metaphor. In this new paradigm, simply, perception is function of action.