alexa Bacillus subtilis A Potential Probiotic Bacterium to Formulate Functional Feeds for Aquaculture | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 1948-5948

Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology
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Review Article

Bacillus subtilis A Potential Probiotic Bacterium to Formulate Functional Feeds for Aquaculture

Jorge Olmos1* and J Paniagua-Michel2

1Molecular Microbiology Laboratory, Department of Marine Biotechnology, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE), Ensenada, Baja California, México

2Bioactive Compounds and Bioremediation Laboratory, Department of Marine Biotechnology, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE), Ensenada, Baja California, México

*Corresponding Author:
Jorge Olmos
Molecular Microbiology Laboratory
Department of Marine Biotechnology
Centro de Investigación Científica y de
Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE)
Ensenada, Baja California, México
Tel: + 52-6461750500
Fax: 52-6461750534
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: September 15, 2014; Accepted date: October 15, 2014; Published date: October 22, 2014

Citation: Olmos J, Paniagua-Michel J (2014) Bacillus subtilis A Potential Probiotic Bacterium to Formulate Functional Feeds for Aquaculture. J Microb Biochem Technol 6:361-365. doi: 10.4172/1948-5948.1000169

Copyright: © 2014 Olmos J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

In shrimp/fish aquaculture, feed represents the most expensive production cost. The quantity and quality of diets are primary factors influencing shrimp/fish growth, health status, disease prevention, pound contamination and expenses. Utilization of probiotic bacteria has emerged as a solution with enormous applications in the aquaculture feeding industry. Bacillus species principally B. subtilis are one of the most investigated bacteria for animal probiotic development due to: a) versatility of growth nutrients utilization, b) high level of enzymes production, c) secretion of antimicrobial compounds, d) spore producers, e) develops in aerobic and anaerobic conditions, and f) B. subtilis is Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Functional feeds development with alternative-economic nutrient vegetable sources of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and Bacillus subtilis probiotic strains, must be considered in shrimp/fish aquaculture production systems; as an option to eliminate animal feed ingredients, improves digestion-assimilation, reduce water pollution and diseases, and to increase yields and profits.

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