Bacterial Keratitis Risk Factors, Pathogens and Antibiotic Susceptibilities: A 5- Year Review of Cases at Dubai hospital, DubaiMohamed Mahmoud Elhanan1*, Anju Nabi2, Fouad Tayara3 and Mouza Alsharhan4
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mohamed Mahmoud Elhanan
Senior Specialist in Ophthalmology Department
Surgical Institute, At Alain Hospital, PO: 1006, Alain, UAE
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 19, 2016; Accepted date: August 05, 2016; Published date: August 15, 2016
Citation: Elhanan MM, Nabi A, Tayara F, Alsharhan M (2016) Bacterial Keratitis Risk Factors, Pathogens and Antibiotic Susceptibilities: A 5-Year Review of Cases at Dubai hospital, Dubai. J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 7:591. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000591
Copyright: © 2016 Elhanan MM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: Microbial keratitis is a sight threatening infection of the cornea. Its incidence has been increased in the past few years, with the contact lens wear as the major risk factor. In the past few years other risk factors have also come up in light. We thus aimed to present a 5-year study comprising of 37 patients with microbial keratitis who yielded only positive culture; other cases with negative cultures were excluded.
Methods: Local microbiology database and retrospective audit of patients (who had a corneal scraping for culture over a 5-year period) medical records were used in this study.
Results: We found that in our study also contact lens wear is the major risk factor for microbial keratitis. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most widely recognized causative organism isolated, present in 37% of the patient’s cultures. We found an association between risk factors for keratitis and variables collectively using multivariate analysis (p value<0.001), and an association of age with the risk factor for keratitis on performing separate ANOVA for each variable (p value<0.001).
Conclusion: This study will help the clinical management of patients with keratitis and will raise awareness of sufficient lens care and disinfection practices.