alexa Balancing Effectiveness and Transparency in Intelligence Community: A Challenge for Consolidating Democracies
ISSN: 2167-0374

Journal of Defense Management
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Balancing Effectiveness and Transparency in Intelligence Community: A Challenge for Consolidating Democracies

Mahmut Durmaz*

Defense Sciences Institute, Turkish Military Academy, Turkey

*Corresponding Author:
Durmaz M
Defense Sciences Institute, Turkish Military Academy, Turkey
E-mail: [email protected]

Received October 18, 2013; Accepted November 26, 2013; Published Decemeber 05, 2013

Citation: Durmaz M (2013) Balancing Effectiveness and Transparency in Intelligence Community: A Challenge for Consolidating Democracies. J Def Manag 4:114. doi:10.4172/2167-0374.1000114

Copyright: © 2013 Durmaz M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Intelligence agencies usually face a recurring dilemma: transparency versus effectiveness. Intelligence community has a tendency to think that the more transparent they are the less effective they will become. This dilemma stems from the nature of the intelligence business, which requires secrecy in order to be effective. As consolidating democracies try to establish intelligence agencies that respect democracy and the rule of law, they are also challenged with many security issues that require effective intelligence. Finding the balance between effectiveness and transparency takes time and requires commitment to democratic values. While states try to find the best solution for this dilemma, they will face many problems such as accountability, corruption, and partisanship in their intelligence community. Accountability is the most pressing problem consolidating democracies face in trying to transform their intelligence agencies from “a political police” into “a bureau of intelligence” because accountability requires an effective bureaucratic system and respect for rule of law, which take time and commitment to develop. The cases of Argentina and Croatia illustrate the importance of these factors. While Croatia created an effective state bureaucracy and enforced the rule of law, Argentinian government was not successful at limiting the power of its intelligence community through effective oversight mechanisms.


Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version