alexa Barriers and Facilitators in the Recruitment and Retention of Peruvian Female Sex Workers in a Randomized HPV Vaccine Trial | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7560

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination
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Research Article

Barriers and Facilitators in the Recruitment and Retention of Peruvian Female Sex Workers in a Randomized HPV Vaccine Trial

Nikita Shroff1, Brandon Brown1*, Janni Kinsler2, Alejandra Cabral3, Magaly M Blas4, Cesar Carcamo4 and Neal A Halsey3

1Program in Public Health, Department of Population Health and Disease Prevention, University of California, Irvine Irvine, CA, USA

2Community Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA

3Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA

4Epidemiology, HIV and STD Unit, School of Public Health, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Peru

*Corresponding Author:
Brandon Brown
653 E. Peltason Dr., AIRB, Suite 2020
Rm. 2024, Irvine, CA, USA
Tel: (949) 824-6996
Fax: (949) 824-0527
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 17, 2013; Accepted date: August 20, 2013; Published date: August 25, 2013

Citation: Shroff N, Brown B, Kinsler J, Cabral A, Blas MM, et al. (2013) Barriers and Facilitators in the Recruitment and Retention of Peruvian Female Sex Workers in a Randomized HPV Vaccine Trial. J Vaccines Vaccin 4:198. doi: 10.4172/2157-7560.1000198

Copyright: © 2013 Shroff N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Objective: To share the lessons learned when recruiting and retaining Peruvian female sex workers (FSWs) in a clinical trial. Methods: Peruvian FSWs 18-26 years of age were asked to join a clinical study of HPV vaccine starting in August 2009. Condoms, lubricants, and health services were given as an incentive to join the study, as well as a gift valued at three US dollars at each study visit for retention purposes. Results: 120 participants completed the survey. Barriers to non-enrollment recruiting included the false association of our clinical trial with an ineffective HIV vaccine study, plans to become pregnant during the vaccine study, not identifying as sex workers, pushback from husbands with fear of vaccine related birth defects, questioning motives for a free vaccine, not wanting to use birth control, lack of high perceived value of incentives, and limited time availability. Barriers to retention included periodic travel out of Lima, high costs for commuting, the requirement of no clients one day before the visit, and misinformation by health care providers regarding associations between the vaccine and illnesses. Conclusions: Working with health promoters and brothel managers, making periodic phone call reminders of appointments, and identifying participants who were peer leaders helped facilitate study participation and retention. Despite hardships in recruiting and retaining female sex workers, this group will participate in a study they deem useful for their health. Before recruiting female sex workers in clinical trials, potential barriers need to be addressed by study investigators.

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