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Barriers to Social Entrepreneurship in Iran: An Application of Grounded Theory | OMICS International | Abstract

Journal of Entrepreneurship & Organization Management
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Research Article

Barriers to Social Entrepreneurship in Iran: An Application of Grounded Theory

Seyed Mostafa Razavi*1, Mehri Asadi2, Hossein Moghimi Esfandabadi3 and Hossien Ekbatani4

1Associate Professor of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2Master of Entrepreneurship Management, University of Tehran Occupation Cooperative Organization of Academic Graduates of Iranian academic center for education,culture and research, Tehran, Iran

3Master of Social Sciences and Research Assistant at the Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Iran

4Master of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

*Corresponding Author:
Seyed Mostafa Razavi
Associate Professor of Management
University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98-912-130-7051
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 25, 2014; Accepted Date: July 24, 2014; Published Date: August 04, 2014

Citation: Razavi SM, Asadi M, Esfandabadi HM, Ekbatani H (2014) Barriers to Social Entrepreneurship in Iran: An Application of Grounded Theory. J Entrepren Organiz Manag 3:118. doi: 10.4172/2169-026X.1000118

Copyright: © 2014 Razavi SM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Social entrepreneurship involves social value creation activities and like many change-oriented activities does not take place in a vacuum. Rather, it develops within a complex context of political, economic, and social changes and on the local and global levels. Although, some countries have introduced laws for social supports, they are inefficient and unpractical and there are still many obstacles in the path of social entrepreneurs that need to be dealt with.

Therefore, the present research seeks to answer the following question: what are the barriers to entrepreneurship in Iran? For this purpose, the qualitative research method has been employed using the Grounded Theory method. Moreover, explorative interviews were conducted with 15 key experts who had biological and practical experiences related to the research subject.

The pattern derived from the current research shows that the main obstacle that hinders the development of social entrepreneurship is the attenuation of individuals’ active participation in altruistic social responsibilities which is due to contextual factors and causative relationships. However, social responsibility can be fostered in individuals by implementing a series of initiatives and strategies, as a result of which, entrepreneurial activities begin to develop.