alexa Baseline Cataract Status and 11-year Mortality: A Population-Based Study from a Mediterranean Population
ISSN: 2155-9570

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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Research Article

Baseline Cataract Status and 11-year Mortality: A Population-Based Study from a Mediterranean Population

Maria Pastor-Valero1,2*, Juan Jose Miralles-Bueno1 and Vicente Chaqués-Alepuz3,4
1Department of Public Health, History of Science and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, (Muhammad Al- Shafra Building), Miguel Hernández University, Spain
2CIBER en Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain
3Head of Ophthalmology Department, Arnau de Vilanova Hospital, Valencia, Spain
4Department of Ophthalmology, Valencia University, Spain
Corresponding Author : Dr. María Pastor-Valero
Department of Public Health
History of Science and Gynaecology
Faculty of Medicine, (Muhammad Al- Shafra Building)
Miguel Hernández University, Spain
Tel: (+34) 96 591 9506
Fax: 96 591 9551;
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Received: November 26, 2014, Accepted: February 26, 2015, Published: February 28, 2015
Citation: Pastor-Valero M, Miralles-Bueno JJ, Chaqués-Alepuz V (2015) Baseline Cataract Status and 11-year Mortality: A Population-Based Study from a Mediterranean Population. J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 6:403. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000403
Copyright: © 2015 Pastor-Valero M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Purpose: To examine the relationship between cataract, previous cataract surgery and risk of mortality in an elderly Mediterranean population.
Methods: This is a survival analysis of data from the Spanish centre of the European Eye Study (EUREYE) to examine 11-year-mortality risk among participants with previous cataract surgery or cataract compared to noncataract participants diagnosed at the start of the study.
Results: After adjustment for age-related maculopathy (ARM), age, smoking, physical activity, obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, previous stroke and heart attack, only the cataract no surgery group in men showed a significant elevated increased risk of mortality. The adjusted Hazard Ratio (HR) for the cataract no surgery men was, 1.96 95% CI (1.11-3.47) p=0.020 compared to non-cataract men. Conclusion: We observed an increased risk of mortality in men with cataract in this elderly population. These results might indicate a differential use of medical services by elderly men compared to women. In addition, the lack of an increased mortality risk among the cataract surgery groups might be explained by the improvement in visual function. Future studies should include information on medical care use as well as information on measurements of pre and post-operative visual acuity.

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