Behavioral Interventions for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities Exhibiting automatically-Reinforced Challenging Behavior: Stereotypy and Self-InjuryKristen Medeiros*
Visiting Assistant Professor, Psychology,Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT, USA
- Corresponding Author:
- Kristen Medeiros
Visiting Assistant Professor, Psychology
Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT, USA
Received date: March 12, 2014; Accepted date: May 25, 2015; Published date: June 01, 2015
Citation: Medeiros K (2015) Behavioral Interventions for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities Exhibiting automatically-Reinforced Challenging Behavior: Stereotypy and Self-Injury. J Psychol Abnorm Child 4:141. doi:10.4172/2329-9525.1000141
Copyright: © 2015 Medeiros K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Challenging behaviors (CBs) among those with intellectual disabilities (ID) such as stereotyped behavior
(stereotypy) and self-injurious behavior (SIB) are widespread, dangerous, progressive in nature, and can interfere significantly with an individual’s quality of life. When the function of CB is identified, interventions are more successful. This paper reviewed literature on available behavioral interventions for automatically reinforced cases of stereotypy and SIB. Sixteen single-subject studies met the inclusion criteria, and interventions were analyzed according to the topography exhibited. Every intervention successfully decreased the stereotypy or SIB for its participant. This literature review shows that individualized behavioral interventions can be successful at reducing automatically reinforced CBs. Implications for interventions are discussed separately for stereotypy and SIB.