alexa Bio-Active Nano-Diamond Designer Materials and Dentures: From Design to Application
ISSN: 2161-1122

Dentistry
Open Access

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Research Article

Bio-Active Nano-Diamond Designer Materials and Dentures: From Design to Application

V. Tamara Perchyonok1*, John Souza2, Shengmiao Zhang3, Desigar Moodley4 and Sias Grobler4

1VTPCHEM PTY LTD, Glenhuntly, Melbourne, Australia

2Department of Prosthetics, TAFE Queensland, 66 Ernest Street, South Brisbane, Australia

3School of Material Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai, China

4Oral and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, University of Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. V. Tamara Perchyonok
VTPCHEM PTY LTD, Glenhuntly
Melbourne, 4215, Australia
Tel: (+61) 414596304
E-mail: [email protected] gmail.com

Received date : October 19, 2015; Accepted date : November 25, 2015; Published date : November 30, 2015

Citation: Perchyonok VT, Souza J, Zhang S, Moodley D, Grobler S (2015) Bio-Active Nano-Diamond Designer Materials and Dentures: From Design to Application. Dentistry 5:344. doi:10.4172/2161-1122.1000344

Copyright: © 2015 Perchyonok VT, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



 

Abstract

Objective: The present study aims to design functional biomaterials and evaluate performance of nano-diamond: chitosan based bio-active containing PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate) materials towards application in treatment and prevention of denture stomatitis and associated conditions in denture wearers.

Methods: The bio-active nano-diamond modified PMMA were prepared by dispersion of the corresponding component in glycerol and acetic acid with the addition of chitosan gelling agent. The release behaviors at physiological pH and also under acidic conditions and stability of the antioxidant-chitosan-nano-diamond were also evaluated. Mechanical performance such as tensile strength and compressive strength were measured as well bio-adhesive studies were investigated in order to assess the suitability of these designer materials.

Results: The bio-active nano-diamond modified PMMA materials showed a high adhesive force and they only swelled slightly in the aqueous medium. Bioactive release suggested prolonged release of the therapeutic agent from the hydrogels. The hydrogels also had significant free radical defense capability.

Conclusion: In this study we demonstrated that the newly prepared bio-active modified PMMA resins are suitable novel bio-active materials capable of comparable performance with the conventional PMMA materials with additional benefit of therapeutic bioactive release as well as potential antimicrobial properties to be demonstrated in vitro. Our findings might be thus a step forward towards the development of alternative non antibiotic based strategies targeting bacterial infections.

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