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ISSN: 2329-6836

Natural Products Chemistry & Research
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Research Article

Bioactive Natural Substances from Marine Sponges: New Developments and Prospects for Future Pharmaceuticals

Stamatios Perdicaris1, Thomais Vlachogianni2 and Athanasios Valavanidis2*
1Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognocy and Natural Product Chemistry, University of Athens, University Campus Zografou, 15784 Athens, Greece
2Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, University of Athens, University Campus Zografou, 15784 Athens, Greece
Corresponding Author : Valavanidis Athanasios
Professor, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry
Department of Chemistry, University of Athens, Greece
Tel: 00-30-210-7274763
Fax: 00-30-210-7274761
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 12, 2013; Accepted October 21, 2013; Published October 27, 2013
Citation: Perdicaris S, Vlachogianni T, Valavanidis A (2013) Bioactive Natural Substances from Marine Sponges: New Developments and Prospects for Future Pharmaceuticals. Nat Prod Chem Res 1:114 doi: 10.4172/2329-6836.1000114
Copyright: © 2013 Perdicaris S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

In the last decades researchers of natural products chemistry focused their research in a wide variety of bioactive compounds from marine species. Marine sponges (Porifera) have been ranked very high in the priority of natural product research because the discovery of a wide range of bioactive chemical components and secondary metabolites with potential pharmaceutical applications gave promising results. These discoveries have attracted the attention of pharmaceutical chemistry experts, cell biologists, chemists of natural products and medical practitioners. Since the 1950s, when a number of the first publications appeared in the scientific literature, some bioactive natural chemicals from marine sponges gave successful examples of pharmaceuticals. Initial experimental results suggest that sponges have the potential to provide future drugs against important diseases, such as cancer, a range of viral diseases, malaria, and inflammations. At the same time scientists studied the molecular mode of action of most sponge-derived metabolites and their mechanism of action were elucidated for their therapeutic potential in a variety of diseases. This review aims at describing some of the most highly cited reviews of the last decade on sponge-derived bioactive compounds and the most promising substances extracted and isolated from marine sponges for pharmaceutical applications. The review is covering mainly new developments of the last five years in the field of marine sponge metabolite research and important findings for bioactive compounds from in vitro, in vivo and clinical studies for therapeutic drug applications.

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