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Biodegradability of Polythene and Plastic By The Help of Microorganism: A Way for Brighter Future | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
Open Access

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Review Article

Biodegradability of Polythene and Plastic By The Help of Microorganism: A Way for Brighter Future

Nayak Priyanka*and Tiwari Archana
School of Biotechnology, Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Airport Road, Bypass Bhopal
Corresponding Author : Nayak Priyanka
School of Biotechnology
Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya
Airport Road, Bypass Bhopal
Tel: +91 9893499474
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 20, 2011; Accepted December 02, 2011; Published December 04, 2011
Citation: Priyanka N, Archana T (2011) Biodegradability of Polythene and Plastic by the Help of Microorganism: A Way for Brighter Future. J Environment Analytic Toxicol 1:111. doi: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000111
Copyright: © 2011 Priyanka N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The current research makes a comparative analysis between the biodegradation of polythene and plastic by five different types of soil sample collected from different sources. The five soil sample (A, B, C, D, E) were indigenous to locations: (A) Medicinal Garden soil, (B) Sewage Water Soil, (C) Energy Park soil, (D) Sludge Area soil, (E) Agricultural Soil, respectively. The ability of these soils in degrading polythene and plastic was investigated. And pure culture with sample, incubate for one week and sub culturing is done in every week, for bacteria and fungi, for the purpose of biodegradation. The initial and final dry weight of polythene and plastic before and after incubation in the culture medium were compared and the % of degradation was calculated. Among all the treatments various species of bacteria and fungi such as Bacillus subtilis, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus nidulance, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus glaucus, Penicillum species, Pseudomonas sp., Staphylococcus aureus., Streptococcus lactis, Proteus vulgaris, Micrococcus sp. were found to degrade polythene and plastic efficiently. However various species of fungi and bacteria isolated from different soil sample. Overall polythene gave rapid biodegradation as compare to plastic. The active enzymes produced by the bacteria and fungi caused weight loss in the sample of polythene and plastic.

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