alexa Biodiversity of Endorhizospheric Plant Growth Promoting
ISSN: 2376-0214

Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development
Open Access

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Research Article

Biodiversity of Endorhizospheric Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria

Jhala YK*, Shelat HN, Vyas RV and Panpatte DG
Department of Agricultural Microbiology, B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand 388 110, Gujarat, India
*Corresponding Author : Jhala YK
Research Associate, Department of Agricultural Microbiology
B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University
Anand 388 110, Gujarat, India
Tel: 9925226944
E-mail: [email protected]
Received October 28, 2014; Accepted November 19, 2014; Published November 27, 2014
Citation: Jhala YK, Shelat HN, Vyas RV, Panpatte DG (2014) Biodiversity of Endorhizospheric Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria. J Biodivers Biopros Dev 2:137. doi:10.4172/2376-0214.1000137
Copyright: © 2014 Jhala YK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Endorhizospheric bacteria also known as endophytic bacteria that resides within living plant tissues without substantially harming plants have found a large number of applications in today’s agriculture such as nutrient cycling, tolerance to biotic and abiotic stress as well as promotion of plant growth. In present study an attempt has been made to test biodiversity of endophytic plant growth promoting bacteria from different plant species. As nitrogen fixation is one of the prime mechanism of plant growth promoting activity exerted by microorganisms, endophytic nitrogen fixing bacteria were isolated from from surface sterilized plant parts viz. root, stem and leaves of species Cynodon dactylon (Durva), Pothos scandens (Money plant), Ipomea batata (Sweet potato), Saccharum officinarum (Sugarcane) cv. CO.LK-8001 and CO.-84135, Musa paradica (Banana) and Zea mays (maize) cv. GM-6 by using nitrogen free media selective for growth of nitrogen fixing bacteria. In all total 10 isolates were obtained form different plant species and parts and showed variation in their biochemical and physiological characteristics. All the isolates were found to fix nitrogen and nitrogen fixation rates of all the isolates ranged from 4.0 to 36.3 mg N fixed / gm of sugar consumed. Moreover, they also showed solubilizing tri calcium phosphate in Pikovskaya’s broth.

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