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ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
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Research Article

Biogeochemical Aspect of Atmospheric Methane and Impact of Nanoparticles on Methanotrophs

Parul Rajput1*, Rupali Saxena1, Gourav Mishra1, SR Mohanty2 and Archana Tiwari1
1School of Biotechnology, Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
2Soil Biology, Indian Institute of Soil Sciences (ICAR), Nabibagh, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Corresponding Author : Parul Rajput
School of Biotechnology
Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya
Airport Bypass Road
Bhopal-462033, Madhya Pradesh, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received June 20, 2013; Accepted September 27, 2013; Published September 30, 2013
Citation: Rajput P, Saxena R, Mishra G , Mohanty SR, Tiwari A (2013) Biogeochemical Aspect of Atmospheric Methane and Impact of Nanoparticles on Methanotrophs. J Environ Anal Toxicol 3:195. doi: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000195
Copyright: © 2013 Rajput P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Increasing concentration of atmospheric greenhouse gas and its implications to the global climate change is a major concern. Methane (CH4) emitted from terrestrial ecosystem by human activities and or by natural processes gets oxidized by certain group of soil microbes. Any imbalance or negative impact on these microbial groups may lead to ecosystem collapse. Due to rapid industrialization there is increasing threat of various environmental pollutants on the soil microbes. One of the recently identified pollutants is nanoparticles. This paper reviews the impact of nanoparticles on the global climate regulating methanotrophs and potential negative or positive impact of nanoparticles on the soil microbes. Here we assessed the effects of metal nanoparticles on the microorganisms and also the physiology and phylogeny of methanotrophs. Altogether, the study suggests that metal nanoparticle could significantly produce ecotoxicity and killing of phytostimulatory soil bacteria. Thus, the engineered nanoparticle (ENPs) should be further tested as a possible ecofriendly agent.

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