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ISSN: 1948-5948

Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology
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Case Report

Biological Emergency Management: The Case of Ebola 2014 and the Air Transportation Involvement

Orlando Cenciarelli1,2*, Stefano Pietropaoli3, Liliana Frusteri4, Andrea Malizia1,2*, Mariachiara Carestia1,2, Fabrizio D'Amico1,2, Alessandro Sassolini1, Daniele Di Giovanni1,2, Annalaura Tamburrini6, Leonardo Palombi2,5, Carlo Bellecci1,2 and Pasquale Gaudio1,2

1Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy

2Scientific Board of the International Master Courses in Protection Against CBRNe events, Department of Industrial Engineering and School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy

3Department of Science, University of Rome 3, Rome, Italy

4Technical Advisory for Risk Assessment and Prevention, Italian Workers’ Compensation Autohority, Rome, Italy

5Department of Bio-Medical & Prevention, School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy

6International Master Courses in Protection Against CBRNe events, Department of Industrial Engineering and School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy

*Corresponding Author:
Orlando Cenciarelli
Department of Industrial Engineering
University of Rome “Tor Vergata”
Via del Politecnico 1 - 00133 Rome, Italy
Tel: +39 06 7259 7198
E-mail: [email protected]

Andrea Malizia
Department of Industrial Engineering
University of Rome “Tor Vergata”
Via del Politecnico 1-00133 Rome, Italy
Tel: +39 0672597201
E-mail: [email protected]niroma2.it

Received date: May 16, 2014; Accepted date: June 04, 2014; Published date: June 11, 2014

Citation: Cenciarelli O, Pietropaoli S, Frusteri L, Malizia A, Carestia M, et al. (2014) Biological Emergency Management: The Case of Ebola 2014 and the Air Transportation Involvement. J Microb Biochem Technol 6: 247-253. doi: 10.4172/1948-5948.1000152

Copyright: © 2014 Cenciarelli O, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

The putative spread after the outbreak of the haemorrhagic fever epidemic caused by Ebola virus in West Africa, in the early months of 2014, puts the spotlight on the management of biological risks involving air transportation. Ebola virus is a highly pathogenic agent, causing a haemorrhagic fever defined Ebola HF, characterized by a high fatality. This virus is generally considered to be self-limiting in terms of diffusion; its lethality is in fact so high as to prevent the exit from rural areas where outbreaks generally occur. However, when the virus comes from rural areas and reaches urban places, it is important to assess the risk of spreading even in areas far from the outbreak of origin. Therefore, the development or strengthening of strategies and plans to take action with timely and effective response in order to reduce the consequences of public health emergencies is paramount. During Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa in 2014, World Health Organization focused attention on many airports, stops of main flights coming from Africa; the aviation, due to its nature, has the potential to help boost the global spread of transmissible diseases, since air travel allow to reach the most remote locations in hours. The management of biological emergencies during ordinary operations of airlines and airports represents a real constraint in the event of contrast epidemic situations or endemic outbreaks. An effective response plan should include a careful assessment of the risks and the establishment of procedures to carry on board of aircrafts or on the ground. To ensure that this complex system works correctly, a broad and effective cooperation between the different actors involved is required. On the international level, several documents and recommendations relating to the management of contagious diseases in aeronautical environment have been produced by authoritative agencies. In this paper, after an overview on the international response to public health emergencies in the aviation environment, the attention is focused on emergency response to the Ebola virus crisis in 2014, including an evaluation of the potential dispersion of the pathogen.

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