alexa Blastomycosis-Like Pyoderma in a Patient with Syphilis and HIV Resolving with Antibiotic Therapy | OMICS International
ISSN: 2165-7920

Journal of Clinical Case Reports
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Case Report

Blastomycosis-Like Pyoderma in a Patient with Syphilis and HIV Resolving with Antibiotic Therapy

Nathan Jetter*, Mark Juhl and Maria Tsoukas*

Department of Dermatology, University of Illinois, College of Medicine East Building, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Nathan Jetter
Department of Dermatology, University of Illinois
College of Medicine East Building, USA
Tel: (312)9966966
Fax: (312)9961188
E-mail: [email protected]
Maria M Tsoukas
Department of Dermatology, University of Illinois
College of Medicine East Building, USA
Tel: (312)9966966
Fax: (312)9961188
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 03, 2017; Accepted date: May 22, 2017; Published date: May 27, 2017

Citation: Jetter N, Juhl M, Tsoukas M (2017) Blastomycosis-Like Pyoderma in a Patient with Syphilis and HIV Resolving with Antibiotic Therapy. J Clin Case Rep 7:965. doi: 10.4172/2165-7920.1000965

Copyright: © 2017 Jetter N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Blastomycosis-like pyoderma (BLP) is a rare, exaggerated, vegetative tissue reaction that occurs in patients with local or systemic immune dysregulation. Reported causes of immune compromise include human immunodeficiency virus, malnutrition, alcoholism, leukemia, immunosuppressant use, radiation therapy, and others. Nearly all cases involve an underlying, prolonged pyogenic bacterial infection. Historically monotherapy with systemic antibiotics requires long-term treatment and often fails. We describe a case of a male patient with BLP of the face and scalp, which cultured positive for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Subsequent evaluation uncovered a concurrent Treponema pallidum and HIV infections. Treatment of the MRSA with a short course of doxycycline and the syphilis with penicillin, resulted in complete resolution of the skin lesions. Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy for HIV was initiated after the skin lesions had cleared. Resolution of BLP by antibiotic therapy alone in the context of untreated HIV leads the authors to postulate that syphilis may have been the relevant factor contributing to his immune dysregulation.

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