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ISSN: 2155-9600

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
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Research Article

Blood Glucose Measured at Several Time Points and Correlation with Incremental Area under the Curve

Marte KR Kjøllesdal*, Victoria Telle Hjellset and Arne T Høstmark

University of Oslo, Institute of Health and Society, Norway

*Corresponding Author:
Marte Kjøllesdal
University of Oslo
Institute of Health and Society
Postboks 1130 Blindern
0318 Oslo, Norway
Tel: 0047 22 85 06 78
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: August 13, 2014; Accepted Date: September 19, 2014; Published Date: September 22, 2014

Citation: Kjøllesdal MKR, Hjellset VT, Høstmark AT (2014) Blood Glucose Measured at Several Time Points and Correlation with Incremental Area under the Curve. J Nutr Food Sci 4:315. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000315

Copyright: 2014 Kjøllesdal MKR, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is used as a standard to diagnose people with diabetes. However, it does not reflect the total glucose load. The aim of this study was to explore correlation between blood glucose values at different times during OGTT and the Incremental Area under the Curve (IAUC), to investigate whether there might be a time point for glucose measurement which would best represent the total glucose load. OGTT were performed in 196 Norwegian-Pakistani women, and glucose was measured fasting and every 15 minute up to 2 hours. The results indicate that fasting values are least correlated with total glucose load, but that values measured at 75, 90 and 60 minutes represent it the best. We suggest that fasting values fail to mirror total glucose load in many cases, and that 2 hour values may be inferior to earlier ones in representing glucose load. High-risk groups, such as Pakistani immigrants, may especially take advantage from improvements in methods to diagnose diabetes.

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