alexa Blood Homocystiene and Lipoprotein (A) Levels, Stress and Faulty Diet as Major Risk Factors for Early Cardiovascular Diseases in Indians
ISSN: 2329-9517

Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis
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Research Article

Blood Homocystiene and Lipoprotein (A) Levels, Stress and Faulty Diet as Major Risk Factors for Early Cardiovascular Diseases in Indians

Mathur Ritu* and Mathur Manika
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, MDS University, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
Corresponding Author : Mathur Ritu
Associate Professor, Department of Food Science and Nutrition
MDS University, Ajmer 305009, Rajasthan, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received May 22, 2014; Accepted May 31, 2014; Published June 07, 2014
Citation: Ritu M, Manika M (2014) Blood Homocystiene and Lipoprotein (A) Levels, Stress and Faulty Diet as Major Risk Factors for Early Cardiovascular Diseases in Indians. J Cardiovasc Dis Diagn 2:163. doi: 10.4172/2329-9517.1000163
Copyright: © 2014 Ritu M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are one of the major causes of death all around the world. In India, death rate from heart diseases has increased in parallel with the tremendous increase in population which is a major reason why clinical research in this field is extremely important. The present study was undertaken to assess the nutritional status and the risk factors for prediction of CVD in forty middle aged Indian subjects to enable them to take early preventive measures. The study revealed that genetic factors, high Body Mass Index (BMI), high fat and low fibre diets, serum Lipoprotein (a) and Homocystiene were largely responsible for the subjects to be in high risk category. The serum Lipoprotein (a) levels (47.7 ± 2.5 mg/dl) and Homocystiene levels (19.0 ± 7.8 mg/dl) were significantly high (p ≤ 0.01) as compared to normal. A strong two tailed correlation was seen at 0.01 and 0.05 levels between the serum cholesterol and LDL levels of diabetic subjects. Similarly correlation was seen between high fat intake and high BMI of all the forty subjects studied. The results indicate that Indians need to control their saturated fat intakes, take a high fibre and folic acid rich diet, exercise and reduce stress to bring a halt to the rapidly rising incidence of this chronic and serious problem of CVD in India.

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