alexa Body Image Perception and the Effectiveness of a Body Image Education in Pregnant Housewives
ISSN: 2167-1168

Journal of Nursing & Care
Open Access

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Research Article

Body Image Perception and the Effectiveness of a Body Image Education in Pregnant Housewives

Melek Ardahan*
Faculty of Nursing, Ege University, Bornova-Izmir, Turkey
Corresponding Author : Melek ardahan
Professor, Department of Public Health
Faculty of Nursing, Ege University, Bornova-Izmir, Turkey
Tel: 0090.232.3881103/5568
Fax: 0090.232.3886374
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Received March 14, 2014; Accepted May 03, 2014; Published May 07, 2014
Citation: Ardahan M (2014) Body Image Perception and the Effectiveness of a Body Image Education in Pregnant Housewives. J Nurs Care 3:163. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000163
Copyright: © 2014 Ardahan, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Background: Gestation and birth are physiological events and it might be easier for a woman to accept changes in her body image resulting from changes occurred in her body. Purpose: This study aims to determine body alterations, thoughts and behaviors of pregnant women which reflect their body image, and evaluate the effectiveness of education. Methods: The data for the intervention research was collected through face to face interviews conducted with 39 volunteer women who applied to health centers with the use of 36-item “Body Image in Pregnant Women Form”. In examination of data, t-test is used. The study approvals of relevant institutions are obtained. Results: The body and image satisfaction of pregnant before the pregnancy was 97.4 %, whereas it is 84.6% during pregnancy. In statistical analyses measuring the difference between the desire of eating (t=5.783 p<0.01), the habit of looking at the mirror (t=2.041 p<0.05), weigh checking behavior (t= 5.818 p<0.01), behavior of calling themselves names (t=4.638 p<0.01) pre-gestation and during gestation, a significant relationship was determined. All of the respondents stated that they were satisfied with the education and the subjects of training were beneficial. Conclusion: When the results of the study examined, it was concluded that body image was changed during pregnancy, the pregnant were happy despite the alterations in body image, the education made contribution to the improvement of body image by changing the behaviors reflecting the body image.

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