Bolaform Electrolytes as Dyeing Auxiliaries
Faculty of Textile Science & Technology, Shinshu University, Japan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Hamada K
Faculty of Textile Science & Technology
Shinshu University, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: October 20, 2014; Accepted Date: October 21, 2014; Published Date: October 23, 2014
Citation: Hamada K (2014) Bolaform Electrolytes as Dyeing Auxiliaries. J Textile Sci Eng 4:170. doi: 10.4172/2165-8064.1000170
Copyright: © 2014 Hamada K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Organic compounds possessing two cationic or anionic groups separated by relatively large distances have been named ‘bolaform electrolytes (bolytes)’ [1,2]. The word ‘bola’ means a long cord with heavy balls at each end used by the gauchos in the Argentinian pampa to capture cattle. When the distances, generally the alkyl chains, are sufficiently long, the bolaform electrolytes become surface-active compounds. Such surface-active compounds are named ‘bolaform amphiphiles (bola-amphiphiles)’. Various physical properties of the bolaform electrolytes or amphiphiles have been extensively studied. The surface activity, solubilization properties and micelle formation for some bolaform electrolytes have been discussed in detail. The application of the bolaform amphiphiles to monolayer lipid membranes has also been reported. Furthermore, a study on the micelles or vesicles formed from crown ether-based bolaform amphiphiles has been reported.