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ISSN: 2329-9509

Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity
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Research Article

Bone Loss and Physical Activity - A Bio Anthropological Perspective

Sylvia Kirchengast*
University of Vienna, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Anthropology, Althanstrasse 14,A-1090 Vienna, Austria
*Corresponding Author : Sylvia Kirchengast
University of Vienna, Faculty of Life Sciences
Department of,Anthropology, Althanstrasse 14, A-1090, Vienna, Austri
Tel: 00431427754712
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: Oct 01, 2015; Accepted date: Dec 08, 2015; Published date: Nov 15, 2015
Citation: Sylvia Kirchengast (2015) Bone Loss and Physical Activity - A Bio Anthropological Perspective. J Osteopor Phys Act 3:164. doi:10.4172/2329-9509.1000164
Copyright: © 2015. Kirchengast S This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Increased life expectancy on the one hand and dramatically reduced physical activity in daily life on the other hand are characteristic features of postmodern life. Consequently Homo sapiens in Industrialized countries but also in threshold countries, is increasingly confronted with the problems associated with accelerated bone loss, osteoporosis and osteoporosis related fractures. On major risk factor of osteoporosis and low bone mass is physical inactivity. Bone loss and osteoporosis however are mainly focused on from clinical viewpoint. In the present review a bioanthropological perspective of the phenomenon physical inactivity and osteoporosis is provided. The problem is discussed from the viewpoint of life history theory, but also from the viewpoint of evolutionary biology, especially evolutionary medicine and paleopathology.

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