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Research Article

Breakfast Habits and Its Relationship to Body Mass Index, Cognitive Function among Final Year Medical Students

Guwani Liyanage*, Siriwardana HD, Wettasinghe CA, Kumarasiri MKHN and Niwanthika TKI

Department of Paediatrics, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka

*Corresponding Author:
Guwani Liyanage
Department of Paediatrics
University of Sri Jayewardenepura
Sri Lanka
Tel: 0094773593785
Email: [email protected]

Received date: June 05, 2017; Accepted date: June 12, 2017; Published date: June 18, 2017

Citation: Liyanage G, Siriwardana HD, Wettasinghe , Kumarasiri MKHN, Niwanthika TKI (2017) Breakfast Habits and It’s Relationship to Body Mass Index, Cognitive Function among Final Year Medical Students. J Gen Pract (Los Angel) 5:311. doi: 10.4172/2329-9126.1000311

Copyright: © 2017 Liyanage G, et al. This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

Background: Balanced and healthy nutrition is needed in order to avert adverse effects of poor eating practices. Children and adults often miss breakfast due to many reasons including lack of time. Evidence indicates that breakfast consumption is more beneficial than skipping breakfast following a long overnight fast. Its effect on cognitive function is still under debate. Our aim was to conduct a preliminary study to investigate breakfast habits and its effect of certain aspects of cognition in medical students in a university in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Methods: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study. We assessed breakfast eating practices of final year medical students. Self-administered and questionnaire and trail making test for visual attention, task switching, speed of processing, and executive functioning were used as study instruments. Results and Conclusions: We recruited 121 clinical students. Majority (55.4%) skipped breakfast at least one or more days per week. Most consumed rice or wheat flour based meals and snacks and only a minority consumed cereals. We did not find any significant difference in trail making test between the two groups of students who skipped and consumed breakfast. A more comprehensive study exploring this topic is recommended.

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