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  • Research Article   
  • Emerg Med (Los Angel),
  • DOI: 10.4172/2471-2701.1000383

Breast Cancer Screening Practice: Early Detection Saves Lives

Roy Rillera Marzo1*, Dinaramalar Sukkirasingam2, Vimalan Letchumanan2, Shangari Anbarasu2, Thiran Raj Ramiah2 and Shamala Devi Vellasamy2
1Deputy Dean, Master in Public Health, Fellow in Public Health, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia
2MBBS, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia
*Corresponding Author : Roy Rillera Marzo, Deputy Dean, Master in Public Health, Fellow in Public Health, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia, Tel: +60146785841, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Nov 10, 2018 / Accepted Date: Nov 20, 2018 / Published Date: Nov 27, 2018

Abstract

Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. The most recent estimate indicated that more than 1.6 million new cases of breast cancer occurred among women worldwide in 2010.
Aim: To assess the level of awareness on breast cancer screening practice among women in Muar.
Methodology: It was quantitative survey done on 383 respondents from Jalan Bakri, Muar where the participants aged from 18-80. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study using two-step sampling methods which are cluster sampling and simple random sampling. Data analysis including descriptive statistics was used to describe participants’ sociodemographic characteristics using tables, graphs, percentages and chi-square was used to present the results.
Result: The knowledge among Muar population is (52.38%) indicating they have poor knowledge on breast cancer screening. There is significant association between the monthly household income and level of education on breast cancer screening practice. Respondents in the group 1 (18-25), group 2 (26-31) and group 3 (32-37) performs breast self-examination within the range of 50-60% only. The practice of clinical breast examination and mammogram among group 5 (44-50) and group 6 (>50) women is only within the range (20-50%).
Conclusion: The survey result proved that there is very poor knowledge among the woman regarding the breast cancer screening practice. Moreover, there is association between sociodemographic between income and education on breast screening practice. Lastly, the compliance of breast cancer screening practice among woman in the Muar district is very low.
Recommendations: Campaign and also health talk is the excellent platforms for them to get some knowledge regarding the breast cancer. Other than that, we must educate the community with low level of education to increase their knowledge about breast cancer screening. Educate them with the basic steps of the breast self-examination. We should give the chance for the newly graduate medical student to organize few health intervention programme in urban area.

Keywords: Breast cancer; Awareness; Compliance

Citation: Marzo RR, Sukkirasingam D, Letchumanan V, Anbarasu S, Ramiah TR, et al. (2018) Breast Cancer Screening Practice: Early Detection saves Lives. Emergency Med 8: 383. Doi: 10.4172/2471-2701.1000383

Copyright: © 2018 Marzo RR, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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