alexa Breath Alcohol Concentration in Japanese Breast Cancer Patients Following Alcohol-Containing Chemotherapeutic Agent Infusion
ISSN: 2329-6887

Journal of Pharmacovigilance
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Research Article

Breath Alcohol Concentration in Japanese Breast Cancer Patients Following Alcohol-Containing Chemotherapeutic Agent Infusion

Naoko Itoi1,2, Hajime Abe2,3*, Tsuyoshi Mori2, Yuki Kawai2, Yoshihiro Kubota2, Tomoko Umeda2and Tohru Tani4
1Department of Surgery, Hino Memorial Hospital, Japan
2Division of Breast and General Surgery, Shiga University of Medical Science Hospital, Japan
3Breast Center, Bell Land General Hospital, Japan
4Department of Surgery, Shiga University of Medical Science, Japan
Corresponding Author : Hajime Abe, M.D., Ph.D.
Breast Center, Bell Land General Hospital
500-3 Higashiyama, Naka-ku, Sakai
Osaka 599-8247, Japan
Tel: +81-72-234-2001
Fax: +81-72-234-2003
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 07, 2014; AcceptedJuly 22, 2014; Published July 29, 2014
Citation: Itoi N, Abe H, Mori T, Kawai Y, Kubota Y, et al. (2014) Breath Alcohol Concentration in Japanese Breast Cancer Patients Following Alcohol-Containing Chemotherapeutic Agent Infusion. J Pharmacovigilance 2:138. doi: 10.4172/2329-6887.1000138
Copyright: © 2014 Itoi N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use,distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
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Abstract

Background: Preparations containing dehydrated ethanol as an additive, due to its water-insoluble properties, have been frequently used for chemotherapeutic agents, such as paclitaxel (PTX), docetaxel (DOC) and eribulin. When selecting these drugs, the influence of alcohol on the central nervous system (CNS) must be considered. In this study, we measured the breath alcohol concentration (BAC) in Japanese breast cancer patients treated with these agents.
Method: Japanese patients with breast cancer receiving outpatient chemotherapy with alcohol-containing agents were registered. The BAC was measured immediately after drip infusion and 30 and 60 minutes later.
Result: Thirty-one female patients were enrolled in this study. Breath alcohol was detected in 18 patients (58%) immediately after administration: 6 patients (75%) with PTX, 10 (50%) with DOC and 2 (67%) with eribulin. After 30 minutes, no patient had BAC over 0.15 mg/L, but breath alcohol under 0.1 mg/L was detected in 1 patient with PTX and 1 with DOC after 60 minutes.
Conclusion: The influence of alcohol may disappear 60 minutes or more after administration, making it possible to travel home safely at this time.

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