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ISSN: 2161-0703

Journal of Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis
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Research Article

Brucellosis: An Economically Important Infection

Yasmin Bano1*, and Sajad Ahmad Lone2

1Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Tatibandh, GE Road, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

2National Institute for Research in Tribal Health (ICMR), Nagpur Road, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author:
Yasmin Bano
College of Life Sciences, Cancer Hospital and Research Institute Campus
Cancer Hills, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India
Tel: 0751 233 6502
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 27, 2015 Accepted Date: November 19, 2015 Published Date: November 23, 2015

Citation: Bano Y, Lone SA (2015) Brucellosis: An Economically Important Infection. J Med Microb Diagn 4:208. doi: 10.4172/2161-0703.1000208

Copyright: © 2015 Bano Y, et al.. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Brucellosis is one of the world’s major zoonosis, caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. The world’s most widespread zoonosis affects cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and other animals, leading to abortion, infertility, and low milk yields. Humans acquire brucellosis from direct contact with livestock or from drinking unpasteurized milk. Brucella spp. are considered as the most common laboratory-acquired pathogens. Several serological tests have been widely used for diagnosis of Brucella such are Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT), Standard tube agglutination test (STAT), complement fixation test (CFT), enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA). Besides these, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based identification and typing, fluorescence polarization assay (FPA) are also important diagnostic tools. The worldwide economic losses due to brucellosis are extensive. Although a number of successful vaccines are being used for immunization of animals still no satisfactory vaccine against human brucellosis is available. This review shows world literature and its impact to the history, epidemiology, virulence, diagnosis along with the control measures adopted in all over the world scenario including Indian.

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